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Civil War Causes

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TermDefinition
Missouri Compromise Occurred in 1820 -Maine was admitted to the Union as a free state and Missouri was entered as a slave state -All of the Louisiana Purchase territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri, except Missouri, would be free
Nullification Doctrine -Occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency -Declared that states could block the enforcement of federal laws -Written in the style of the Articles of Confederation -Calhoun argued that the Constitution was an agreement amongst sovereign states
Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 -Occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency -Congress passed a high tariff on goods -Proceeds of the tariff would help the North exclusively
Compromise of 1850 -Disagreement occurred because of the territory gained from the Mexican War -Included the stipulation that California enter the Union as a free state
Fugitive Slave Law Passage of this law included a strong fugitive slave law Stated that a slave catcher was to bring his captive before a federal commissioner Federal government was responsible for the cost/expenses of catching escaped slaves
Kansas -Nebraska Act -Resulted in "Bleeding Kansas" -Law engineered by Stephen Douglas -Kansas, as a result, had two governments -Frustration and tension from this act led, when a congressman physically assaults a senator
Nat Turner's Raid -Slave revolt that occurred in Virginia during 1831 -Resulted in the passage of aggressive slave laws, including the prohibition to teach slaves to read and write -Led by an educated African American preacher
John Brown's Raid -Hanged for treason in 1859 -His goal was to raise an army and then free enslaved people in the South -Northerners considered this person a martyr
Mexican War -American troops capture Mexico City -Prior to the skirmish Texas territory secedes from Mexico -Led to the Wilmot Proviso -President Polk sends General Taylor to provoke Mexican troops
Lincoln-Douglas Debates -Douglas promoted popular sovereignity -Republican candidate (Lincoln) and Democratic senator (Douglas) -Met in small Illinois towns to share their views on slavery -Made Abraham Lincoln famous throughout the country
Dred Scott Decision -Ruled that no slave had the right to sue in federal court -This person sued for his freedom in 1846 -Stated that Congress never had the right to ban slavery in the territories
Election of 1860 -In response, South Carolina secedes, followed by six more states -Republican candidate (Lincoln) and Democratic senator (Douglas)
Tariffs of 1828 or 1832 (continued) -South Carolina declared these null and void -If the government intervened to collect the tariff, South Carolina would secede -Andrew Jackson sends troops to enforce the law
Fugitive Slave Law (continued) Law required U.S. marshals to aid in capturing escaped slaves -Included the stipulation that California enter the Union as a free state -Payment guidelines for the slave catchers and commissioner were viewed as unfair Slave trade not allowed in DC
John Brown's Raid (cont.) -Unsuccessful slave revolt at Harpers Ferry in Virginia -An antislavery settler from Connecticut who committed violence in Kansas before his raid
Mexican War (cont.) -War was very popular with Americans -Receive land from the Mexican Cession, for which the U.S. paid $18 million -U.S. wanted to annex Texas
Lincoln-Douglas Debates (cont.) -"A house divided against itself cannot stand" -Gave speeches stating that slavery should not be spread to the new Western territories
Dred Scott Decision -The Supreme Court rules that no black man, free or slave, was a U.S. citizen -Made the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
Election of 1860 (cont.) -John Breckinridge is the leading candidate in the South -Lincoln won in every free state, but he only received 40% of the popular vote
Created by: abtolia1
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