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Chapter 5

Creating a Government

QuestionAnswer
What document, which kept the king or queen from changing laws without the permission of Parliament, influenced the framers (writers) of the Constitution? English Bill of Rights
You do not agree with the Constitution because you believe it will make the national government become too strong. You also don't believe the Constitution protects your individual rights. What party do you belong to? Antifederalist Party
You are a member of the House of Representatives. It is your job to propose and pass laws. What branch of government are you in? Legislative Branch
What did the Confederation Congress not have the authority to do, in order to help correct unequal trade with Britain? Pass tariffs
You are a plantation owner from Virginia, and you are angry because only a fraction of your slave population will be counted when representation in Congress is decided. What law do you disagree with? Three-fifths Compromise
What did the Confederation Congress not have the authority to do, which made it difficult to trade across state lines? Regulate interstate commerce
Which of the following roles of government was included in the Articles of Confederation? Congress
You are a Revolutionary War veteran who lives in New Jersey. You had to take out a loan to pay for all of your debt, but now your state has printed out extra paper money to pay those debts. Why would your creditor refuse to accept your money? Your money is now worth less because it is not backed by gold in the treasury.
What men formed the Antifederalist Party to protest the Constitution? George Mason, Samuel Adams, and Patrick Henry
What nation closed the lower Mississippi River off from American shipping? Spain
What led farmers in three Massachusetts counties to rebel, under the leadership of Daniel Shays? High taxes and heavy debt
What did Britain refuse to turn over to the U.S. after the Revolutionary War? Its forts in U.S. territories
What plan created by Edmund Randolph, would create a two-house legislature with representation decided only by a state's population? Virginia Plan
How is it possible for the Constitution to still be in use over 200 years after is was created? Its flexibility through the amendment process
Which of the following is NOT a problem that the United States had with Britain following the Revolutionary War? British merchants were smuggling tea out of the United States.
What agreement, proposed by Roger Sherman, created a legislature giving equal representation in the upper house and representation by population in the lower house? Great Compromise
What was the result of a loss of trade with Britain, combined with inflation? Economic depression
What man was the New Jersey delegate who presented the small-state plan of equal representation for each state? William Paterson
What state was the last to ratify the Constitution, three years after Delaware first ratified it? Rhode Island
During the American Revolution, most colonies wrote what type of Constitutions? Constitutions that supported limited, republican governments
What is the term referring to an official change that can be added to the Constitution, such as the Bill of Rights? Amendment
In order to keep any branch of government from becoming too powerful, each branch of government is involved in the law-making process. What is the term used to describe this sharing of power? Checks and balances
Which of the following documents provided an example of religious acceptance that inspired the framers of the Constitution? Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom
What delegate played an important role in the creation of the Constitution by taking notes at the convention and contributing many of his ideas? James Madison
What document, which was signed in 1215 and required the king to follow the same laws as other English people, influenced the writers of the Constitution? Magna Carta
What was to blame for the economic problems and other problems in the U.S. after the Revolutionary War? A weak central government
You support the Constitution and agree that this nation needs a strong central government and the separation of powers. What party would you belong to? Federalist Party
What document did Congress add on to the Constitution to protect the rights of individuals? Bill of Rights
What document created the first central government for the United States? Articles of Confederation
What group was the only group to be allowed suffrage under many state constitutions and, later, in the U.S. Constitution? White men who paid taxes
Delegates at the Constitutional Convention created a system of sharing power between the state and national governments. What is the term for this system? Federalism
If you feel that political power should rest in the hands of the people, what concept do you agree with? Popular sovereignty
Who were some of the leaders of the Federalist Party, which supported the Constitution? Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
You recently read a few newspaper articles written by "Publius" trying to persuade people to support the Constitution. What was the title of these articles? Federalist Papers
What promise did Congress have to make to gain support for ratifying the Constitution? Add a bill protecting individual rights
After Shays' Rebellion, what did people start to call for? A stronger central government to protect them in a crisis
Which of the following was a colonial document that influenced the new American Government? Mayflower Compact
According to the map, how did the Land Ordinance of 1785 divide townships? Into 36 sections, each section being 640 acres
According to the map, in what order did the Northwest states enter the union? Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin
Created by: Mr. Romaire