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Map Terms

Social Studies 6

legend a key on a map that explains the symbols on the map
elevation the height of land above sea level
altitude Another word for elevation. The height of land above sea level.
plateau Flat or gently rolling land that stands high above sea level
scale A ratio that compares map distance to actual distance
grids A series of lines on a map or globe that cross each other at right angles.
north pole The most northern point on earth
south pole the most southern point on earth
compass rose an arrow on a map that shows directions
cardinal directions one of the four main directions of the compass, north, south, east, west
intermediate directions the "in between" direction on a compass such as northwest or southeast.
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger pieces
parallels of latitude Lines on a map or globe that circle the earth from west east.
meridians of longitude lines on a map or globe that run from the north pole to the south pole
axis an imaginary line running through the earth from the north pole to the south pole.
rotation one complete turn of the earth on its axis. The earth makes a complete rotation on its axis every 24 hours.
revolve To turn, The earth turns around the sun
revolution one complete journey of the earth around the sun.
equinox equal hours of daylight and darkness.
climate the usual weather over a long period of time.
Created by: mrsrooney
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