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chapter 3

Constitution Written plan for government
Bicameral Like the English Parliament , they were divided into two parts or houses.
Confederation A group of individual state governments
Ratify Approved
Constitutional Convention Meeting in Philadelphia
Great Compromise A compromise is a way of resolving disagreements in which each side gives up something
Three-Fifths Compromise Delegates agrees that ever five enslaved person would count as three free persons.
Electoral College A group of people who would be named by each state legislature
Federalists A form of government in which power is divided between the federal , or national , government and the states
Federalism Supporters of the document
Anti-Federalists Opposed the constitution
Preamble An introduction that states the goals and purposes of the government
Legislative Branch Lawmaking powers
Executive Branch Law-enforcing branch of the government by a president and vice president
Judicial Branch Government that interprets the law and sees that they are fairly applied.
Amendment Any change in the Constitution
Popular Sovereignty The idea that the power of government lies with the people
Rule of law Law applies to everybody even those who govern
Separation of powers
Checks and balances Order to prevent any one of the three branches from being to powerful
Expressed powers The powers specifically granted to the national government
Reserved powers Powers that the constitution does not give to the national government are kept by the states.
Concurrent powers Powers that both levels of government exercise
Created by: seonnafox