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study guide for hist

chapter 6-7 gilded age questions and answers

QuestionAnswer
Explain how electricity affected manufacturing facilities? Enabled industry to grow as never before.
Describe Social Darwinism. Biological theories to explain the evolution of human society.
How did the development of steel production affect the country? It made innotative construction possible.
List ways business owners reduced their competition. Make products more cheap.
What factors led to the industrial boom of the late 1800’s? Industrial growth, the south was still trying to recover.
Explain how Andrew Carnegie gained control of the steel industry. Began investing in other companies.
Describe the Sherman Anti Trust Act. Outlawed efforts to consolidate business under trusts.
What was the reason for adopting standardized time zones? Railroads can move.
Describe the ICC Act. A permanent international court established to investigate, prosecute and try individuals accused of committing the most serious crimes.
What was Angel Island? Immigration center.
What is a Graft? The illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusion Act? Response to complaints by workers on the West Coast.
Explain the purpose of the Americanization Act. It was to the immigrate to the United States from eastern and southern Europe.
What was Tammany Hall? The name given to the democratic political machine.
Describe the regulations of the Pendleton Civil Service Act. To regulate and improve the civil service.
What was the purpose of the Social Gospel Movement? Emerged among protestant Christians to improve the economic.
Explain the importance of the Supreme Court case Munn v. Illinois? Its growth has been rapid.
Explain horizontal integration. Occurs when there is a merger between two firms in the same industry.
Who was John D Rockefeller? He was the co-founder of the standard oil company.
Who did the term Robber Baron describe? Business tycoons.
Explain vertical integration. The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
What was the effect of the Haymarket Affair on the Labor Movement? 8 hour work day.
Describe the immigration shift of the late 1800’s. Patterns.
Explain the movement of African Americans in the late 1800’s. Freed people seeking a better life.
Who was William Tweed? The "Boss of the Tammany Hall"
Who coined the term Gilded Age? Mark Twain
Who was Grover Cleveland? The 22nd and 24th president.
What time period is described as the Gilded Age? 1873
Created by: Katwill678
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