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Fisher US Review 7

US History Regents Review Packet 7

TermDefinition
WWI 1939-1945 conflict between the Axis Powers and the Allies
Blitzkrieg 1939 attack launched by Germany against Poland, beginning WWII
Holocaust Massive genocide of Jews committed by Germans during WWII
Cash and Carry Act WWII US policy allowing the sale of weapons to Allied countries
Lend-Lease Act WWII US policy of loaning military equipment to Allied countries
Destroyer Deal US trades 50 warships to England during WWII in exchange for permission to build military bases in British territories
Pearl Harbor US Navy base in Hawaii attacked by Japanese bombers in 1941. US enters WWII because of this attack
Nuremberg Trials German leaders tried for crimes against humanity committed during WWII
Manhattan Project US secret program led by J Robert Oppenheimer to build the first atomic bomb
Rationing System used during WWII to conserve resources for the military. Consumers were given coupons to redeem for goods
War bonds Sold to help the US raise money for WWII
GI Bill Gave WWII veterans educational and financial assistance. Also called Servicemen's Readjustment Act
Baby Boom Period of time after WWII when birthrate increased leading to a growth in suburbs and the need for more schools
Korematsu v US 1944 Supreme Court ruling that forced relocation of Japanese Americans during WWII was a reasonable security measure
Cold War 1945-1990 Political conflict between the US and Soviet Union based on democracy vs communism. No direct military action
Brinksmanship A period of being on the verge of war between the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War era
Detente A period of improved relations between the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War era
Nikita Kruschev Soviet dictator during the Cold War who began the building of nuclear missile silos in Cuba
Arms Race Buildup of conventional and nuclear weapons during the Cold War
Space Race Competition between the US and the Soviet Union to be the first to successfully launch a satellite
Sputnik The first satellite, created by the Soviet Union
Containment Policies Foreign policies created to stop the spread of communism
Truman Doctrine Containment policy that gave money to Greece and Turkey to help them resist Soviet expansion
Marshall Plan Containment policy that gave $13 billion to Europe to rebuild after WWII
Berlin Blockade Action by Soviet Union to cut off Allies access to West Berlin in an attempt to gain control of the entire city
Berlin Airlift 15 month effort by the US to fly over Berlin and drop food, medical supplies, etc to combat the Berlin Blockade
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization created to provide mutual defense between US, Canada, and several European nations
Warsaw Pact Military alliance between the Soviet Union and its satellite nations
Collective Security Mutual military assistance
Korean War 1950-1950 civil war between communist North Korea and democratic South Korea, grew to involve US and China.
Douglas MacArthur US general who led the UN troops in the Korean War
38th Parallel The border established between North Korea and South Korea after the Korean War
Senator Joseph McCarthy Led a controversial hunt for communists in the US after WWII. Ruined many people with false accusations
House Un-American Activities Committee Formed 1938 to investigate US citizens accused of activities disloyal to the country. Part of the Red Scare
Loyalty Review Board Established to investigate federal employees for suspicious activities during the Red Scare
Spy cases Alger Hiss case and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg case
Brown v Board of Education 1954 Supreme Court ruling that segregation in public schools is illegal
Governor Faubus Arkansas governor who refused to integrate Central High School, requiring Eisenhower to send federal troops
Domino Theory Eisenhower's belief that if one nation in Asia fell to communism, the rest would follow like
Communism A form of government based on the idea of equality of all citizens but in reality, the leader has complete authority
Eisenhower Doctrine US pledge to help Middle Eastern countries resist communism
Vietnam War 1955-1975 conflict between communist North Vietnam and democratic South Vietnam, heavy involvement by US
Ho Chi Minh Leader of North Vietnam whose Vietcong military forces invaded South Vietnam, starting the Vietnam War
Geneva Conference 1954 agreement that divided Vietnam into two countries after French colonialism ended in Southeast Asia
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1964 Congress lets Johnson take all necessary action to prevent communist takeover of Vietnam without declaring war
Created by: fisher_lisa