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SS - Map vocab

Social Studies - Vocabulary #1 - map

Vocab WordDefinition
Globe round model of the earth that shows earth's shape, lands, distances and directions as the relate to one another
Hemispheres half spheres; one half of the globe
Latitude imaginary circles that run east to west around the globe; also called parallels
Longitude meridians or imaginary lines that run from the north pole to the south pole
Tropic of Cancer located at 23 1/2 degrees north of latitude
Tropic of Capricorn located at 23 1/2 degrees south latitude
Equator located at 0 degrees latitude
Prime Meridian located at 0 degrees longitude and runs through Greenwich, England
North Pole located at 90 degrees north latitude
South Pole located at 90 degrees south latitude
Arctic Circle located at 66 1/2 degrees north latitude
Antarctic Circle located at 66 1/2 degrees south latitude
International Date Line located at 180 degrees longitude
Cardinal Direction north, south, east, west
Map Scale measuring line that helps you figure the distance on a map which relates to actual distances on the earth
Projection method of putting a map of the Earth onto a flat piece of paper
Distortion a change in the accuracy of the shapes and distances on a map
Relief how flat or rugged the land surface is on a physical map
compass Rose used on maps to show direction
Symbols used to indicate landmarks on a map
Map Key or Legend explains the symbols used on a map
Capitals on a map these are marked with a star inside a circle
Global Grid set of perpendicular lines used on many maps; pattern formed by the crossing of parallels and meridians makes it possible to pinpoint exact locations
Elevation the height of an area above sea level
Cities On a map, these are marked with a solid black dot
One Type Of Map Special Purpose
Another Type of Map Political
Third Type of Map Physical
Map ProjectionA Robinson
Map ProjectionB Mercator
MapProjectionC Goodes
Map ProjectionD WinkelTripel
Physical Type of map where you find mountains and deserts; shows different land elevations
Political Type of map where you see where the boundaries and the capitals are for the countries (for i.e. Europe)
Special Purpose Type of map where you would used it to find the population density of cities in various countries around the world
Mercator Projection map projection that was created in 1569 and used by sailors for many years
Robinson Projection map projection that is probably the best available because of very few distortions
Created by: renaetelford
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