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|Why is Otzi's discovery important?
|It offered an accurate look at what early man wore and used in everyday life
|In what period of history did the Iceman live?
|The late stone age, late neolithic
|What is the most significant aspect of Otzi's discovery?
|A copper ax because they didn't know copper was used back then
|What modern medical problem did Neolithic man suffer from?
|What do the high levels of arsenic found on Otzi tell us about him?
|Otzi was involved in copper smelting and he's a high altitude shephard
|Person who studies and writes about the human past
|Scientist who learns about past human life by studying fossils and artifacts
|Weapon, tool, or other items made by humans
|Scientist who studies the physical characteristics and cultures of humans and their ancestors
|Paleolithic- what did they spend the majority of their time doing?
|Searching for food, hunting and gathering, SURVIVING
|Person who regularly moves from place to place
|What were the roles of men during the paleolithic era?
|What were the roles of women during the paleolithic era?
|Gathering berries, looking after the kids, tending campsite (SAME AS TODAY!!!)
|What was the most important discovery of the paleolithic period and its uses?
|Fire--- Lit darkness, kept warm, scared away animals, cooked food, smoked meat (flint started fires easily)
|What were the ice ages?
|Lasted from 10,000 BC-8,000 BC (last part of paleolithic era), less plant life, eat struggling animals, build sturdy shelters, wearing animal furs, used fire a lot
|How did paleolithic people communicate?
|Cave drawings, art (used for communication), there was eventually a spoken language
|Tools and methods used to help humans perform tasks
|What were paleolithic tools made from?
|Last part of the stone age, when farming started getting used
|To tame animals and plants for human use
|What was man's relationship to animals like during the neolithic age?
|People domesticated animals
|What was the most important event in human history?
|Farming because it prevented people to be nomads and let families settle down; it also made it easier for the people of that time period
|What were the names of the early neolithic communities we discussed in class? How do we know they were neolithic?
|Jericho and Catal Huyuk; they lived in mud brick houses and decorated the walls with paintings; they had buildings for worship
|Special jobs taken to assist other jobs
|Land between rivers: Tigris and Euphrates; included Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires; Bronze Age
|Sumerian system of writing made up of wedge-shaped markings
|Independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages
|Method of bringing water to a field from another place to water crops
|Complex society within city walls, organized government, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system
|Where were early civilizations started?
|What were Sumerian temples called? What was their purpose?
|Sumerian temples were called Ziggurats and their purpose was to get the temple closer to the heavens
|What is a scribe? Who could become one?
|A scribe is a person who translates and teaches Cuneiform; You had to be a wealthy, intelligent man and you had to have high class
|What kinds of laws were covered in Hammurabi's Code? What two trends did we observe in class about these laws?
|Some laws were harsh and cruel and some were fair; Ex: If you slap your father, both of your hands would be cut off; Laws that were intentionally broken had cruel and harsh punishments while accidents had fair punishments, each one fit for the crime
|What is important about Cuneiform?
|It is the first ever written language
|Person who studies stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies
|Ancient Mesopotamian city located in present day Iraq; eastern bank of the Tigris river; capital of the Neo-Assyrian empire
|Chaldean king; threw Israelites in a fire; in old testament
|Ancient Mesopotamian city between Tigris and Euphrates river; Hammurabi controlled it for a while and started the Babylonian empire; ancestors of Chaldeans; trade and cultural center
|Library in Nineveh; sophisticated government; postal system, highways; located in northern Mesopotamia; brutal and vital; road system; genius for war, terror tactics, no prisoners; fertile crescent region became Assyria; north near Tigris river
|Lived in Sumer; governments; fought with each other and we know that because they had city walls; invented cuneiform; ruled by priests and priestesses; calendar; wagon wheel; buildings made of mud brick
|Ruled by Hammurabi; Cuneiform law code; cultural crossroads; strategic location (good for trade); tower of babel; accidents had fair punishments; intentionally breaking the law resulted in cruel punishment
|Mapped heavens: plans of god were revealed (they thought); Nebuchadnezzar- Chaldean king: threw Israelites in fire; Babylonian descendants; rebuilt Babylon-made it wealthy; hanging gardens
|Anatolia; chariot tech- move very fast, like tanks, surrounded enemies quickly; first to use iron; vs Egypt, cadesh, old testament
|Eastern Mediterranean coast; north African coast; ship builders; traders; first to go beyond Gibraltar; ancestors of carthage (colony); foundation of alphabet; royal purple-symbol of wealth (purple dye was rare); purple sash with toga-sign on wealth/class
|How does food surplus lead to the starting of culture?
|Food surplus, healthier people, more people, more crops, more farmers, bartering, specialization, more goods, surplus of goods, trade, farming tools created, metals, bronze age (3000 BC-1200 BC), more free time, cultural development