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9/18 Test review

Preparation for the 9/18 comprehensive test for WWMS Social Studies

Roger Williams A Puritan minister who opposed the government forcing people to worship a certain way and taking land from Native Americans. Was exiled from Massachusetts. Founded Rhode Island.
William Penn A Quaker that was given a land grant in America as payment for a debt by the king. Started a colony that practiced true religious tolerance.
James Oglethorpe Wanted to start a colony for debtors to be able to work off their debt rather than be in prison. Also used the colony as a buffer zone against Spanish Florida.
Anne Hutchinson Puritan that questioned some of the teachings of Puritan ministers. Was put on trial and eventually exiled for her beliefs.
Separatists Religious group in England that believed that they could only rid their church of Catholic influence by separating from the Church of England. Founded the Plymouth colony.
Puritans Religious group that believed that they could purify the Church of England of Catholic influence from the inside. This group founded the Massachusetts Bay colony.
Jamestown This was the first successful English colony in the New World. It faced very difficult times at first because of settlers that only wanted to look for gold. Eventually had tobacco become its chief export.
Mayflower Compact The first written document in the America's to create a government. The signatories agreed to create a government and to abide by its laws.
Massachusetts Bay Charter A detailed legal document that set up a government and taxation system for one of the colonies. This document included boundaries and what must be paid to the king as taxes.
New England Colonies Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. These colonies depended on trade, lumber, fishing, and shipbuilding for their economy.
Southern Colonies Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. These colonies depended on cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo for their economies.
Middle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. These colonies depended on shipping and grain crops, such as wheat for their economies.
Cash Crops Crops that are grown for the purpose of selling. Some of these crops, such as tobacco, provide no nutritional sustenance.
Subsistence Farming Growing the crops necessary to feed yourself and you family.
Commercial Farming Growing more crops than your family needs, or growing cash crops, to sell, then using that money to provide for yourself and family.
Ohio River Valley This area was claimed by both France and England. France wanted to expand its fur trade there, and England wanted to allow its population to expand there for farming.
Ft. Duquesne France built this fort at the confluence of three rivers. Its construction was one of the causes of the French and Indian War.
Ft. Necessity George Washington built this fort after discovering that the French had already built a fort and were sending patrols to find him. It didn't last long.
William Pitt He became Prime Minister several years into the French and Indian War. He wanted to shift focus of the war to the colonies and replace old commanders with new, more imaginative ones.
Treaty of Paris of 1763 This ended the French and Indian War (Seven Years War.) It basically forced France to give up most of its overseas empire.
Canada Several major battles of the French and Indian War were fought here, including the Battles of Quebec and Montreal. France was forced to hand over all of its settlements here after the war.
Mississippi River This became the western boundary of the English colonies after the French and Indian War.
Louisiana Territory This territory was given to the Spanish by the French as a result of the French and Indian War so England would have a weaker neighbor next to its colonies.
Created by: slaterc
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