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US History Unit 1
|Native Americans and land ownership
|land regarded as a source for life, not a commodity to be sold. Couldn't be "owned"
|criticized church practices and challenged the authority of the pope
|cultural awakening in Europe, rekindled interest in physical world (interest in Greek and Roman philosophy, science, mathematics)
|Exchange of new plants and animals between Americas, Europe and Africa. Some items were Corn, Potatoes, Tobacco, Stock, grains, fruit, coffee etc
|Missions in New Mexico, Texas, California and throughout southwest. Goal to convert to Christianity and educate native people in European ways and skills
|Rocky start, looking for Gold Contaminated river water made many ill. Smith forced colony to farm and support surrounding natives. Smith injured returned to England, colony deteriorated until new colonists and the development of profitable crop, Tobacco.
|Crops that are farmed because of their value and trade
|Economic system aimed at self-reliance and strengthening the national economy by accumulating bullion, gaining colonies, and establishing a favorable balance of trade
|Governor appointed by crown, presided over advisory council, and a local assembly (land owning white males)
|process which goods and enslaved people were exchanged across the Atlantic ocean.
|England and some colonists benefitted. Spurred boom in colonial ship building
|trade route Africa, West Indies and later North America. Cruel, crowded and high mortality rate
|Period in the 1700s when philosophers believed that they could apply the scientific method and use reason to explain human nature logically
|A revival of religious belief because of speeches and 'revivals'. This leads to a belief in equality, liberty, and resistance to authority. One factor that leads to the revolution
|punish people of Mass for Boston Tea Party. Parliament laws, restricted colonists' rights. Restrictions on town meetings, enforcing officials who killed colonists in the line of duty would be tried in Britain
|First Continental Congress
|Met in response to the Intolerable Acts and involved 12 out of 13 colonies. They organized boycott and wrote the Declaration of Rights
|Second Continental Congress
|met to discuss next move after battles of Lexington and Concord. Disagreement and debate but did recognize Continental Army and appoint George Washington Commander
|The idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
|Declaration of Independence
|The document approved by representatives of the American colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the British monarch and declared their independence.
|belief in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities
|Article of Confederation Weakness
|Created weak central government and little unity among states. No court system to settle disputes between states
|the constitutional system that shares power between the national and state governments.
|Separation of powers
|The structure of the government provided for in the Constitution where authority is divided between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
|Bill of Rights
|First ten amendments to the Constitution, guaranteeing civil rights for American citizens as forced by Antifederalists, drafted by a group led by James Madison
|came from differences in Washington’s cabinet. Hamilton (Federalists strong central government) versus Jefferson (Democratic-Republican strong states
|a refusal of the states to accept a federal law, part of Jefferson's interpretation of compact theory; in terms of Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions in response to Alien and Sedition Acts