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US History Unit 1


Puritans People who wanted to 'purify' the English church. They wanted to simplify the rules and structure. They are known for being very conservative and harsh
John Winthrop Puritan leader (Governor of Mass Bay Colony) who saw their mission to spread religious righteousness “City on the Hill”
William Penn given Pennsylvania (Penn’s woods) as a repayment of debt (King to his father). Society of Friends/Quakers. Live simply, establish good and fair society cooperation and religious tolerance
Benjamin Franklin as enlightenment spread he embraced the notion of obtaining truth through experimentation and reason
Loyalists Supporters of Britain living in America
Patriots Colonists who wanted American Independence
The Continental Army was first formed from the militia surrounding the British in Boston
Anti federalist Opposed to a strong central government; saw undemocratic tendencies in the Constitution and insisted on the inclusion of the Bill of Rights. Included Thomas Jefferson
Federalist supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government; Hamilton and Madison.
James Madison Member of Constitutional convention co authored Federalist Papers
Thomas Jefferson Anti-federalist. Opposed a strong central government, skeptical about undemocratic tendencies in the Constitution, insisted on Bill of Rights
Alexander Hamilton Key delegate at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, first Secretary of the Treasury, lead Federalist Party, wrote much of the Federalist Papers
Democratic-Republicans believed in a weak central government, state and individual rights, and strict interpretation of the Constitution.
Created by: PLHShistory1