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Unit 1

Exploration, Colonization, and Representative Government

What were the 3 main powerhouse countries that explored and claimed land in North America? Spain, France, and England
What was the "God" factor in the 3 Gs? Spain, France, and England wanted to spread Christianity and convert the Native Americans.
Why were Europeans able to explore North America? better ships, better maps, growth of trade
What country traded furs with the Indians? France
True or False - The Puritans and Pilgrims left England because of religious persecution. True
Which religious group was intolerant of other religions? Puritans
What do Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker have in common? They were kicked out of the Massachusetts colony by the Puritans.
What colony did Roger Williams establish? Rhode Island
What colony did Thomas Hooker establish? Connecticut
What colony did William Penn establish? Pennsylvania
Which colony was a safe haven for Catholics Maryland
Which colony was established for debtors to pay off their debts by working? Georgia
Which colonial region had good harbors, rocky soil, cold temperatures, and a very short growing season? New England colonies
Which colonial group was nicknamed the Bread Basket colonies? Middle colonies
Which colonial group had fertile soil, large plantations, and a long growing season? Southern colonies
What were cotton, rice, tobacco, indigo, and sugar cane considered to be in the Southern colonies? cash crops
What year was Jamestown founded? 1607
What was the first permanent, successful English colony? Jamestown
What word means that the 13 colonies were created to make the mother country of England very rich? mercantilism
When was the Mayflower Compact signed? 1620
What was the written constitution in the colonies? Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What was the first example of representative government in the colonies? Virginia House of Burgesses
Who could vote in the colonial assemblies? men who owned property
Created by: mcphersonm



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