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chapter 1,2,3

TermDefinition
Paleo older or ancient, especially relating to the geological past.
Archaic very old or old-fashioned
Woodland land covered with trees.
Mississippian relating to, or being the period of the Paleozoic era in North America following the Devonian and preceding the Pennsylvanian or the corresponding system of rocks
Archaeologist a science that deals with past human life and activities by studying the bones, tools,
Artifacts a simple object (such as a tool or weapon) that was made by people in the past
Anthropologist the study of human races, origins, societies, and cultures
Culture a particular society that has its own beliefs, ways of life
Antiquites ancient times, very great age
horticulture the science of growing fruits, vegetables, and flowers
Clovis Points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture
Mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface.
palisade a high fence made of pointed stakes that was used in the past to protect a building or area
Woolly Mammoth a heavy-coated mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) formerly inhabiting the colder parts of the northern hemisphere
Barter Economy economies are one of the earliest, predating monetary systems and even recorded history.
Maize technical or chiefly British term for corn
Bow and arrow weapon consisting of two parts - a weapon for shooting arrows, composed of a curved piece of resilient wood with a taut cord
Projectile points object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife
Colonization is the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
Spanish missions denoting a style of architecture characteristic of the Catholic missions in Spanish
Barrier islands a broadened barrier beach, habitable in places, that provides a measure of protection for the mainland
Influence he capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects
Smallpox acute, highly contagious, febrile disease, caused by the variola virus, and characterized by a pustular eruption that often leaves permanent pits or scars
Catholicism the faith, system, and practice of the Catholic Church
New world one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas including nearby islands
Prehistoric relating to or denoting the period before written records. prehistoric man
Shale rock of fissile or laminated structure formed by the consolidation of clay
Tribe a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture
Clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families
sherds
Nomads member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture
Effigy sculpture or model of a person.
Atlatl a stick used by Eskimos and early American Indians to propel a spear or dart
Chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in nonindustrial societies usually based on kinship
Beringia a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait, the Chukchi Sea
Middens dunghill or refuse heap.
mastodon large, extinct, elephant like mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.
Pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay
Oral tradition is information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down
Wattle and daub a material formerly or traditionally used in building walls, consisting of a network of interwoven sticks
mound buliders practicing settled agriculture and known for their often large burial, temple, or effigy mounds.
Expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war
Guale island was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands.
fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur
Conquistador a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation
Mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading
Relative location Absolute location, however, is a term with little real meaning, since any location must be expressed relative to something else
Absolute Location absolute location is designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid
Hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles
Equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles
Parallels a person or thing that is similar or analogous to another.
Created by: jalen.g09
 

 



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