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World Geo Ch1-2

QuestionAnswer
Georgraphy The study of places: their locations, their characteristics, and how humans use and move around them
Geographer view the world in terms of the use of ______ Space
Geographers study the world by looking at ______, ____, ____, _____, ___________ Location, place, region, movement, and human-environment interaction
Geography is the study of the distribution and interaction of: - - -Physical features -Human features
Historians look at events over ____ time
Geographers use tools such as: - - - - -maps -charts, graphs, tables -scale models -five themes of geography
Absolute loaction exact place where a geographic feature is found
Relative location location of a place compared to places around it
Earth is divided into __________________ two equal halves, vertically and horizontally
Each vertical and horizontal half is called a ________ Hemisphere
________ divides north and south halves Equator
_________ divides east and west prime meridian
Latitude imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator
Longitude imaginary lines that go over the poles, mark positions east and west
Where latitude and longitude lines cross is the ___________ Absolute Location
Relative locations places include ________ physical features and cultural characteristics
Three types of regions are: - - - -Formal -Functional: a city and its suburbs -perceptual
Formal regions include: - - - - - - - - -The United States and Canada -Latin America -Europe -Russia and the Republics -Southwest Asia -South Asia -East Asia -Southeast Asia, Oceania, and Antartica
Perceptual Regions: Region with characteristics people perceive in much the same way Example: the American Midwest
Geographers use three types of distance to analyze movements: - - - - Linear distance - Time distance - Physiological distance
Linear Distance: How far a person, product, or idea travels
Time distance: How long it takes for a person, product, or idea to travel
Psychological Distance: refers to the way people perceive distance
Oldest known map; Babylonian clay tablet circa 500 B.C.
Globe: A 3D representation (a sphere) of Earth
Map: a 2D graphic representation of Earths surface
Cartographer: (mapmaker) tries to actually reflect earths surface
Types of maps: general reference (topographic map), thematic, navigational
Topographic map: shows natural and man made features of earth
Thematic map: shows specific data such as climate and population density
Surveyors _____, ______, _______, what the see in a specific area observe, measure, and record
Landsat: A series of satellites ; can scan the entire planet in 16 days
Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite (GOES) -orbits in sync with Earths rotation -gathers images of atmospheric conditions
Global Positioning System (GPS) - uses series of 24 Navstar satellites to beam information to Earth - hand-help GPS receivers on Earth display exact position
The geography and structure of the Earth are continually being changed by ________, like plate tectonics and __________, like the weather internal forces, external forces
The drifiting of the _______ shaped the world we live in today Continents
Continents: landmasses above water on Earth
Francis Bacon first to suggest 7 continents were once one peice
Earth is the ________ planet in the solar system from the sun third
The solar system includes: - - - -Sun and 9 planets -comets -astroids
comets icy spheres orbiting the sun
asteroids large chunks of rocky material orbiting the sun
the ____ is the center of the earth core
the ______ surrounds the core mantle
the mantel has __________ several layers
the mantel contains most of earths _______ mass
magma molten rock that forms in the mantel
crust thin layer of rock at earths surface
the atmosphere is the layer of _______ surrounding the earth gases
the atmosphere: - - - -contains oxygen -protects earth from radiation, space debris -is the medium for weather and climate
lithosphere: solid rock portion of earths surface, forms ocean floor
hydrosphere: water elements on earth including atmospheric water
biosphere: atmosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere compound
continental drift 1912 hypothesis of Alfred Wegner
earth was once one super continent; Wegner calls it _______ "_______" Pangea; "all earth"
Pangea splits into many ______ that slowly drift apart plates
water covers about _____ of the earths surface 3/4
the ocean circulate through ______, _____, _______ currents, waves, and tides
waves are _____ or _______ produced by winds swells, ridges
tides are the regular _____ and ______ of the ocean rising, falling
hydrologic cycle: cycle of water between atmosphere, oceans, and earth
______ hold more than 95% of the earths fresh water Lakes
salt water forms when outlet to sea is cut off: - - - streams and rivers carry salts into lake - salts build up with nowhere to go
drainage basin: area drained by river and its tributaries
ground water: water held in the pores of rock
water table: level at which the rock is saturated
______ are naturally formed features on earths surface landforms
continental shelf: seafloor from continents edge to deep ocean
relief: difference in landform elevation from lowest to highest point
four categories of relief: mountains, hills, plains, and plateaus
topography: the configurations and distributions of landforms
_______ plates are massive moving pieces of earths lithosphere tectonic plates
geographers study plate movements to understand: - - - how the earth is reshaped - how earthquakes and volcanos are formed
Created by: 18wester.anna
 

 



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