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Unit1 chapters1,2,&3

Unit1 sections1,2,&3

TermDefinition
Sunbelt a group of southern states the stretches from the east coast all the way to California.
Regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life.
Coastal Plain the southernmost region in Georgia.
Fall Line the land rises steadily from beaches and marshlands across fertile farmland until it reaches a belt of hills about 20 miles wide.
Piedmont region is a rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue ridge mountains.
Appalachian Mountains a larger mountain range that stretches northward from central Alabama to Canada.
Blue ridge Mountains two mountain ranges make up this region.
Valley and Ridge west of the Blue ridge mountains.
Appalachian Plateu Georgia's smallest geographic region.
Archaeologists scientists who study the past based on what ancient people left behind.
Artifacts objects that were made, modified, or used by humans.
Prehistoric periods from the time before, written history.
Culture is a way of life shared by people, with similar arts, beliefs, and customs.
Paleo - Indians were the first people to live in the Georgia area.
Archaic Period the period of Georgia's history that begun after the end of the last ice age.
Woodland Period lasted from around 1000 b.c. to about a.d. 900.
Agriculture hunting and gathering for survival or farming.
Renaissance lasted from the 1300's to 1600 and was a time of increased interest in art.
Mercantilism an economic theory in which government controls trade and establishes colonies to obtain gold.
Monopoly complete control over the entire supply of goods of service in a particular market.
Conquistador a Spanish solider and explorer who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain.
Gulfstream a powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico to the east coast of North America before turning east toward Europe.
Joint Stock Company a business formed by a group of people.
Charter a written contract issued by a government giving the holder the night to establish a colony.
Relative location is the location of something in comparison to the location of something else.
Absolute location An absolute location is designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude.
Hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
Equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°.
Parallels each of the imaginary parallel circles of constant latitude on the earth's surface
Prime Meridian the earth's zero of longitude, which by convention passes through Greenwich, England.
Meridians a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles.
Latituide the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Compass Rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart.
Scale of a map is the ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground. This simple concept is complicated by the curvature of the Earth's surface, which forces scale to vary across a map.
Goods benefit or advantage to someone or something.
Services the action of helping or doing work for someone.
Imports bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale
Exports send (goods or services) to another country for sale.
Climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
Weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc.
Mississippian was a mound-building Native American civilization that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 800 to 1600, varying regionally
Anthropologist is a person with an extensive knowledge of anthropology who uses this knowledge in their work, typically to solve problems specific to humanity.
Antiquities the ancient past, especially the period before the Middle Ages.
Horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.
Clovis Points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture. They date to the Paleoindian period around 13,500 years ago
Mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface.
Palisade a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense.
Woolly Mammoth a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat. Individuals are sometimes found frozen in the permafrost of Siberia.
Barter Economy is a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates. Barter-based economies are one of the earliest, predating monetary systems and even recorded history.
Mazie technical or chiefly British term for corn.
Bow and Arrow weapon consisting of two parts.
Projectile Points is an object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife.
Colonization is the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
Spanish missions in the Americas were Christian missions established by the Spanish Empire during the 15th to 19th centuries in an area extending from Mexico and the southwestern portions of what today are the United States, southwards as far as Argentina and Chile.
Barrier islands are long, narrow, offshore deposits of sand or sediment that run parallel to the coastline.
Influence the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself.
Smallpox an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by 1979.
Catholicism the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church.
New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Shale s a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite. The ratio of clay to other minerals is variable.
Tribe is viewed, historically or developmentally, as a social group existing before the development of, or outside of, states.
Clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families (especially associated with families in the Scottish Highlands).
Sherds a sherd, or more precisely, potsherd, is commonly a historic or prehistoric fragment of pottery.
Nomads is a person with no settled home, who moves from place to place as a way of obtaining food, finding pasture for livestock, or otherwise making a living.
Effigy a sculpture or model of a person.
Atlatl is a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing, and includes a bearing surface which allows the user to store energy during the throw.
Cheifdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.
Beringia a vast area between the Kolyma River in the Russian Far East to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada
Middens is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, vermin, shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
Moat a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack.
Podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.
Mastodon a large, extinct, elephantlike mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.
Pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay. Pottery can be broadly divided into earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware.
Oral Tradition is information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down. This includes historical and cultural traditions, literature and law.
Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
Mound Builders were inhabitants of North America who, during a 5,000-year period, constructed various styles of earthen mounds for religious and ceremonial, burial, and elite residential purposes.
Expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war.
Guale-sea island was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands. Spanish Florida established its Roman Catholic missionary system in the chiefdom in the late 16th century.
Fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur. Since the establishment of a world fur market in the early modern period, furs of boreal, polar and cold temperate mammalian animals have been the most valued.
Conquistador a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication. They are called the monarchs.
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Created by: kyr.har
 

 



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