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Unit 1 Vocabulary

Chapters 1, 2, & 3

Sunbelt a group of states from the east coast to California
Regions areas that are similar in landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life
Coastal Plain the southern most region in Georgia
Fall Line a geological boundary between the lower level of the coastal plain to the higher level of the piedmont
Piedmont a rolling, hilly, plateau that stretches north from the fall line and to the base of the blue ridge mountains
Appalachian Mountains a large mountain range that stretches from alabama to canada
Blue Ridge Mountains a mountain range from Pennsylvania to Georgia
Valley and Ridge a region west of the blue ridge mountains, with fertile valleys lying between long, narrow mountain ridges running in a northeasterly direction
Appalachian Plateu the smallest geographic region in Georgia, located in the northwest corner of the state
Archaeologist a scientist who studies the past based on materials such as fossils and artifacts that ancient people left behind
Artifacts an object made, modified, or used by humans in the past that contributes to out understanding of an earlier culture
Prehistoric relating to a time before written history
Culture the common values and traditions of a society such as language, government, and family relationships
Paleo-Indians the first Americans who crossed from Asia to North America approximately 10,000 years ago
Archaic Period the period of history after the last ice age
Agriculture cultivating the soil to produce crops
Woodland Period the period of history after the archaic period
Renaissance the european civilization from the 1300s to 1600s characterized by an increase in art and learning
Conquistadors a spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions
Gulf Stream a power ocean current that flows from the gulf of mexico along the east coast
Mercantilism an economic theory in which government controls trade and establishes colonies to obtain gold
Joint - Stock Company a business formed by a group of people who jointly make an investment and shared in profits and losses
Charter a written contract issued by the government giving the holder the right to establish a colony
Monopoly complete control over he entire supply of goods or a service
Relative Location a point or place in relation to another point or place
Absolute Location absolute location describes the location of a place based on a fixed point on earth
Hemisphere one of the halves into which the earth is divided
Equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°
Parallels extending in the same direction
Prime Merridian the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned
Meridians a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles
Latitude the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes
Longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes
Compass Rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart
Scale refers to the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground
Goods goods that are ready for consumption in satisfaction of human wants, as clothing or food, and are not utilized in any further production
Services the action of helping or doing work for someone
Imports bring goods or services into a country from abroad for sale
Exports send goods or services to another country for sale
Climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
Weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc
Mississippian a native or inhabitant of Mississippi
Anthropologist people that practice anthropology
Antiquities the quality of being ancient; ancientness
Horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management
Clovis Points the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture
Mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface
Palisade a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense
Wooly Mammoth a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat. Individuals are sometimes found frozen in the permafrost of Siberia
Barter Economy A barter economy is a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates
Maize a pale yellow resembling the color of corn
Bow and Arrow a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow
Projectile Points a projectile point is an object that was hafted to a projectile
Colonization the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin
Spanish Missions denoting a style of architecture characteristic of the Catholic missions in Spanish America
Barrier Islands a long narrow island lying parallel and close to the mainland, protecting the mainland from erosion and storms
Influence the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself
Smallpox an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars
Catholicism the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church
New World The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Shale soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
Tribe a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader
Clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families
Sherds a variant of shard
Nomads a member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock
Effigy a roughly made model of a particular person, made in order to be damaged or destroyed as a protest or expression of anger
Atlatl a stick used by Eskimos and early American Indians to propel a spear or dart
Cheifdom the rank or office of a chief
Beringia a vast area between the Kolyma River in the Russian Far East to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada
Middens a dunghill or refuse heap
Moat a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack
Podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience
Mastodon a large, extinct, elephantlike mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number
Pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay. Pottery can be broadly divided into earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware
Oral Tradition Oral tradition is information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down
Wattle and Daub a material formerly or traditionally used in building walls, consisting of a network of interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud or clay
Mound Builders the various American Indian tribes who, in prehistoric and early historic times, erected the burial mounds and other earthworks of the Mississippi drainage basin and southeastern U.S.
Expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war
Guale-Sea Island Guale was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands
Fur Trade a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur
Monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches
Created by: HunterHall



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