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Unit 1 Vocabulary

Chapters 1, 2, and 3

TermDefinition
Sunbelt a group of Southern states that stretches from the East Coast all the way to California
Regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life.
Coastal Plain the southernmost region in Georgia.
Fall Line a belt of hills about 20 miles wide.
Piedmont a region that is a rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Appalachian Mountains a larger mountain range that stretches northward from central Alabama to Canada.
Blue Ridge Mountains two mountain ranges and the Cohutta Mountains.
Valley and Ridge west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Appalachian Plateau Georgia's smallest geographic region.
Archaeologist Scientist who study the past based on what ancient people left behind.
Artifacts objects made, modified, or used by humans.
Prehistoric period, or periods from the time before written history.
Culture a way of life shared by people, with similar arts, belief, or customs.
Paleo-Indians the first people to live in the Georgia area.
Woodland Period Georgia's history which lasted from around 1000 B.C. to about 900 A.D.
Renaissance the European civilization from the 1300's to 1600 characterized by an increased interest in art and learning.
Conquistadors a Spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured and for Spain.
Gulf Stream a powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the East Coast of North America before turning east toward Europe.
Mercantilism an economic theory in which government controls trade and establishes colonies to obtain gold, silver, and natural resources to create wealth and a favorable balance of trade for the parent country.
Joint-Stock Company a business formed by a group of people who jointly make an investment and share in the profits and losses.
Charter a written contract issued by the government giving the holder the right to establish a colony, or a document setting the form and structure of a municipal government, its boundaries, and its powers.
Monoply complete control over the entire supply of goods or a service in a particular market.
Mississippian the last major prehistoric cultural development in North America, lasting from about ad 700 to the time of the arrival of the first European explorers.
Anthropologist a person with an extensive knowledge of anthropology who uses this knowledge in their work, typically to solve problems specific to humanity.
Antiquities the ancient past, especially the period before the Middle Ages.
Horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.
Clovis Points characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture.
Mounds A mound is an artificial heaped pile of earth, gravel, sand, rocks, or debris. The most common use is in reference to natural earthen formation such as hills and mountains, particularly if they appear artificial.
Palisade A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.
Wooly Mammoth The woolly mammoth is a species of mammoth that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and was one of the last in a line of mammoth species, beginning with Mammuthus subplanifrons in the early Pliocene.
Barter Economy a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates. Barter-based economies are one of the earliest, predating monetary systems and even recorded history.
Maize a pale yellow resembling the color of corn.
Relative Locaton a point or place in relation to another point or place
Absolute Location free from imperfection; complete; perfect
Hemisphere half of the terrestrial globe or celestial sphere, especially one of the halves into which the earth is divided. Compare Eastern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere.
Equator the great circle on a sphere or heavenly body whose plane is perpendicular to the axis, equidistant everywhere from the two poles of the sphere or heavenly body.
Parallels extending in the same direction, equidistant at all points, and never converging or diverging:
Prime Meridian the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned.
Meridians great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface.
Latitude the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point.
Longitude angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian,
Compass Rose a circle divided into 32 points or 360° numbered clockwise from true or magnetic north, printed on a chart or the like as a means of determining the course of a vessel or aircraft.
Scale the ratio of a distance on a map to the corresponding actual distance
Goods not spoiled or tainted; edible; palatable:
Services the supplying or supplier of utilities or commodities, as water, electricity, or gas, required or demanded by the public.
Imports to bring in (merchandise, commodities, workers, etc.) from a foreign country for use, sale, processing, reexport, or services.
Exports to ship (commodities) to other countries or places for sale, exchange, etc.
Climate the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years.
Weather the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
Bow and Arrow a weapon for shooting arrows, composed of a curved piece of resilient wood with a taut cord to propel the arrow. weapon, weapon system, arm - any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting;
Projectile Points (Arrow Heads) the head or tip of an arrow, usually separable from the shaft and conventionally wedge-shaped.
Colonization to establish a colony in; settle:
Spanish Missions denoting a style of architecture characteristic of the Catholic missions in Spanish America.
Barrier Islands a broadened barrier beach, habitable in places, that provides a measure of protection for the mainland, as during hurricanes and tidal waves.
Influence the capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of others:
Smallpox an acute, highly contagious, febrile disease, caused by the variola virus, and characterized by a pustular eruption that often leaves permanent pits or scars: eradicated worldwide by vaccination programs.
Catholicism the faith, system, and practice of the Catholic Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
New World one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Shale a rock of fissile or laminated structure formed by the consolidation of clay or argillaceous material.
Tribe any aggregate of people united by ties of descent from a common ancestor, community of customs and traditions, adherence to the same leaders, etc.
Clan a group of people of common descent; family:
Sherds potsherd, is commonly a historic or prehistoric fragment of pottery, although the term is occasionally used to refer to fragments of stone and glass vessels as well. Occasionally, a piece of broken pottery may be referred to as a shard.
Nomads a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a traditional route or circuit according to the state of the pasturage or food supply.
Effigy a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
Atlatl a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing, and includes a bearing surface which allows the user to store energy during the throw.
Chiefdom the rank or office of a chief.
Beringia a vast area between the Kolyma River in the Russian Far East to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada
Middens a dunghill or refuse heap.
Moat a deep, wide trench, usually filled with water, surrounding the rampart of a fortified place, as a town or a castle.
Podium a low wall forming a base for a construction, as a colonnade or dome.
Mastodon a massive, elephant like mammal of the genus Mammoth (Mastodon), that flourished worldwide from the Miocene through the Pleistocene epochs and, in North America, into recent times, having long, curved upper tusks and, in the male, short lower tusks.
Pottery ceramic ware, especially earthenware and stoneware.
Oral Tradition a community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or example from one generation to another without written instruction.
Wattle and Daub a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
Mound Builders Mound Builders were inhabitants of North America who, during a 5,000-year period, constructed various styles of earthen mounds for religious and ceremonial, burial, and elite residential purposes.
Expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war.
Guale-Sea Island Guale was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands.
Fur Trade a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur. Since the establishment of a world fur market in the early modern period, furs of boreal, polar and cold temperate mammalian animals have been the most valued.
Monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head.
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Chiefdom the rank or office of a chief.
Created by: Dev23