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Unit 1 Vocabulary

Chapters 1,2, and 3

TermDefinition
sunbelt a group of southern states that stretches from the East Coast all the way to California
region areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant and animal life
Coastal Plain the southernmost region in Georgia
fall line the land that rises steadily from beaches and marshlands across the fertile farmland until it reaches a belt od mills about 20 miles wide
piedmont rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains
Appalachian Mountains mountain range that stretches northward from central Alabama to Canada
Blue Ridge Mountains mountains ranges that stretches from Pennsylvania to Georgia; Cohutta Mountains
Valley and Ridge west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and is also a part of the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Plateau Georgia's smallest geographical region; also called the Cumberland Plateau and is located in the northwest corner of he state
archeologist scientist who study the past based on what ancient people left behind
artifacts objects that where made, modified, or used by humans
prehistoric periods of the time before written history
culture a way of life shared by people, with similar arts, beliefs, and customs
Paleo-Indians the first people to live in Geogia
Archaic Period the period of Georgia's history that began after the end of the last Ice Age
Woodland Period the period after the Archaic period, from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 900
agriculture farming
Renaissance the European civilization from the 1300's to 1600's characterized by the increased interested in art and learning
conquistadors a spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land from Spain
Gulf Stream a powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the East Coast of North America
mercantilism the government controls trade and attempts to transfer wealth from the colonies to prevent control
joint-stock company back investors- people who put money into a project to earn profits
charter a written contract used by a government giving the holder the right to establish a colony
monopoly complete control over the entire supply of goods or a service in a particular market
relative location a point or place in relation to another point or place
absolute location designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude
hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator
equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres
parallels each of the imaginary parallel circles of constant latitude on the earth's surface
prime meridian a line of longitude) in a geographical coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°
meridians a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles
latitude the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes
longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes
compass rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart
scale refers to the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground
goods a material that satisfies human wants and provides utility
services A type of economic activity that is intangible, is not stored and does not result in ownership
imports bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale
exports send (goods or services) to another country for sale
climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain
antiquities an object, building, or work of art from the ancient past
horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management
Clovis Points the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture
mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface
palisade a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense
wooly mammoth a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat
barter economy a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates
maize corn
bow and arrow weapon consisting of two parts; the bow is made of a strip of flexible material, such as wood, with a cord linking the two ends of the strip to form a tension from which is propelled the arrow; the arrow is a straight shaft with a sharp point on one
projectile points object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife
colonization the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin
Spanish missions missions that were held by the Spanish
barrier islands long narrow island lying parallel and close to the mainland, protecting the mainland from erosion and storms
influence the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself
smallpox an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars
Catholicism the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church
New World one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas
shale soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
tribe a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader
clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families
shepherds a person who tends and rears sheep
nomads a person who does not stay long in the same place; a wanderer
effigy a sculpture or model of a person
atlatl stick used by early American Indians to propel a spear or dart
chiefdom form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'
Beringia a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait, the Chukchi Sea, and the Bering Sea. It includes parts of Chukotka and Kamchatka in Russia as well as Alaska in the United States
anthropologist which is the study of humanity
middens a dunghill or refuse heap
moat a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack
podium a small platform on which a person may stand
mastodon a large, extinct, elephant like mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number
pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay
oral tradition information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down
wattle and daub material formerly or traditionally used in building walls, consisting of a network of interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud or clay
mound builder people who build mounds
expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war
Guale-Sea Island historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia
fur trade worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur
monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head
protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches
mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading
Created by: ademery1
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