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unit 1 vocabulary

chapters 1,2, and 3

TermDefinition
sunbelt is a group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to california
region areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation and plant and animal life.
coastal plain the southernmost region in Georgia
fall line a belt of hills about 20 miles wide
piedmont a rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north of the fall line to the base of the blue ridge mountains
blue ridge mountains stretches from pennsylvania to georgia. part of the appalachian mountains
appalachian mountains a larger mountain range that stretches northward from central alabama to canada
valley and ridge west of the blue ridge mountains also apart of the appalachian mountains
appalachian plateau the smallest geographic region covers 1 percent of georgias landscape.
archaeologist scientist who study the past based on what ancient people left behind
artifacts objects that ancients left behind
prehistoric periods of the time before written history
culture a way shared believes and customs
paleo indians the first people in georgia.
Archaic period the period of georgia's history that began after the last ice age
woodland period 1000 b.c. to 900 a.d. after the archaic indians
agriculture farming
weather the condition of the atmosphere at a specific place and time
climate the average weather conditions in a region over a long period of time.
exports goods or services sent to another country for sale
imports bring good into a country from aboard for sale
services the action of doing something for pay
goods objects that can be sold for example pens and folders
anthroplogist An anthropologist is a person with an extensive knowledge of anthropology who uses this knowledge in their work, typically to solve problems specific to humanity.
antiquities the ancient past, especially the period before the Middle Ages.
horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.
Clovis points Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture. They date to the Paleoindian period around 13,500 years ago. Clovis fluted points are named after the city, first found in 1929.
mounds
palisade A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.
tribe A tribe is a distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self-sufficient, and not integrated into the national society.
clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families (especially associated with families in the Scottish Highlands
atlatl is a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing, and includes a bearing surface which allows the user to store energy during the throw.
nomads A nomad is a person with no settled home, who moves from place to place as a way of obtaining food
pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay. Pottery can be broadly divided into earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware.
monarchy A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication. They are called the monarchs.
protestant member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches
merchantilism the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism.
influence the power to shape policy or ensure favorable treatment from someone, especially through status, contacts, or wealth.
barrier islands Image result for barrier islandsoceanbites.org Barrier islands are long, narrow, offshore deposits of sand or sediment that run parallel to the coastline
colonization Colonization occurs whenever there is a large-scale migration of any one or more groups of people to a colonial area.
Spanish islands Christian missions established by the Spanish Empire during the 15th to 19th centuries in an area extending from Mexico
smallpox n acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by 1979.
Catholicism the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church.
new world The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas.
fur trade he fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
conquistador s a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire
guale sea island Guale was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands. Spanish Florida established its Roman Catholic missionary system in the chiefdom in the late 16th century.
expedition a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war.
mound builders were inhabitants of North America who, during a 5,000-year period, constructed various styles of earthen mounds for religious and ceremonial, burial, and elite residential purposes
wattle and daub Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
oral tradition Oral tradition is information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down. This includes historical and cultural traditions, literature and law.
projectile points n archaeological terms, a projectile point is an object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife.
bow and arrow bow and arrow, weapon consisting of two parts; the bow is made of a strip of flexible material, such as wood, with a cord linking the two ends of the strip to form a tension from which is propelled
wooly mammoth a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat. Individuals are sometimes found frozen in the permafrost of Siberia.
maize technical or chiefly British term for corn
moat . a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack.
podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra.
mounds A large artificial pile of earth or stones often marking a burial site.
mastodon Mastodons are any species of extinct proboscideans in the genus Mammuth, distantly related to elephants
middens is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, vermin, shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts
sherds n archaeology, a sherd, or more precisely, potsherd, is commonly a historic or prehistoric fragment of pottery
cheifdom A chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized by the legitimate senior members of select families or 'houses'.
effigy a roughly made model of a particular person, made in order to be damaged or destroyed as a protest or expression of anger.
shale Image result for shaleen.wikipedia.org Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock
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