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Vocab

Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt

TermDefinition
The business of farming Agriculture
The study of human culture, past and present Anthropology
Areas where civilization began Cultural Hearth
The system in which a culture is organized, controlled, and regulated Government
Artificial waterway to allow the passage of boats or irrigation Canals
System of writing used by the Mesopotamians Cuneiform
One of the first organized system of laws created in Mesopotamia by s Babylonian king Hammurabi's Code
A document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. The sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. Primary Source
People organizing into different groups, such as classes. Typically based on wealth, ancestry, or jobs. Social Structure
The spread of culture Cultural Diffusion
Exchange of goods Trade
River valley in Mesopotamia Tigris- Euphrates River Valley
River valley in ancient Egypt Nile River Valley
A government that is lead by a religious leader Theocracy
The people of Sumer, in Mesopotamia Sumerians
One of the characteristics of a highly civilized society this is the use of tools and other inventions for practical purposes. The Sumerian most important invention was the wheel. Technology
System of writing in ancient Egypt Hieroglyphics
Farming resulting in surplus production Stable food supply
Way of life for a large group of people, such as a city or nation, which includes: government, religion, art, and architecture, technology, system of writing, social structure, and stable food supply Civilization
A means of keeping records of communicating System of writing
A system of beliefs Religion
Interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. They may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them Secondary Source
Human creations intended to express beauty and convey messages. It is one of the characteristics of a highly civilized society. Art
A man- made system to supply water to crops and farm fields. Irrigation
A region in extending from Iraq and Syria which included the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Greek for " between the rivers". Mesopotamia
The leader of ancient Egypt that was viewed as both a king and a god Pharaoh
The scientific of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception until death Human development
An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something Innovation
A new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study, and experimentation Invention
The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains Archeology
A period of one hundred years Century
A city that with it's surrounding territory forms an independent state City- states
A native of ancient or modern Egypt, or a person of Egyptian descendant Egyptians
A period of a thousand years, especially when calculated from the traditional date of the birth of Christ Millennium
The period of time before written records Prehistory
An ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus River Valley, from about 2500 to 1500 b.c. River Valley Civilization
The activity of buying and selling, especially on a large scale Commerce
Created by: esalwin519
 

 



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