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US-Enligtenment Note

Review for Quiz over the Enlightenment Notes

QuestionAnswer
Which ancient civilization studied math, history, political science, and developed the idea of democracy? Greeks Greece
Which ancient civilization was a Republic where the citizens elected their leaders and they also developed the idea of the "rule of law"? Romans
Which ancient civilization was the first to believe in one God and this God gave them the Ten Commandments, which became the basis for many laws? Jews Judaism
Who was the Jewish man whose followers began a religion that became the main religion of Europe? Jesus
Which group of people saved much of the learning of the Greeks and Romans while Europe was in the Dark Ages? Muslim Islamic
After the Crusades, what began to develop in Europe in the 12th Century? Universities
Who believed in natural law, that people got their rights because they were human beings, not because any government gave them these rights? Thomas Aquinas
What is the french word that means "rebirth" for the rebirth of learning based on the works of the Greeks and Romans during this time of intellectual and artistic creativity? Renaissance
Who posted a letter with 95 criticisms of the Catholic Church on the doors of a church in Germany? Martin Luther
Who taught that Protestants should work hard, behave, and obey the law to prove their faith. This became known as the Protestant Work Ethic. John Calvin
Who replaced the Pope with himself as the head of the Church of England when he wanted to divorce his wife? King Henry VIII
Which group of people believed the Church of England was still "too Catholic" and wanted to clean it of these practices? They were persecuted for their beliefs and eventually moved to America. Puritans
Who believed that people were naturally selfish and violent, so they needed a strong government to keep order? Thomas Hobbes
Who believed that government had to answer to its citizens? John Locke
John Locke believed all people had natural rights like... life, liberty, property
John Locke believed it was whose job to protect the natural rights of the people? Government
John Locke believed that government was a __?__ between the people and the rulers. Contract
Who wrote that the government should not support any one religion and people ought to be free to choose their own religious beliefs? Voltaire
Who believed that the powers of government should be separated so that it doesn't get too powerful and threaten people's rights? Montesquieu
Who wrote that government should be a contract where everyone agrees to be governed by the general will? Rousseau
What are the two English political documents that impacted the founding of our country? Magna Carta English Bill of Rights
Which English document limited royal powers and protected the rights of the nobles? Magna Carta
Which English document said the monarch couldn't tax people without Parliament's consent? English Bill of Rights
The English Bill of Rights said people had the right to what kind of trial with a jury of their peers? fair and speedy
The English Bill of Rights said people had the right to do what without fear of punishment? petition the king
Created by: ColbyHistory