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chapter 1,2,3

sunbelt a group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to California
regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape , climate , elevation and plant and animal life
coastal line A coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast.
fall line a narrow zone that marks the geological boundary between an upland region and a plain, distinguished by the occurrence of falls and rapids where rivers and streams cross it
piedmont the rolling hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains
Appalachian Mountain the mountain range stretching from central Alabama to Canada, located in the northwest part of Georgia
Blue Ridge mountain the eastern most Range of the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from Georgia to Pennsylvania
Valley and Ridge the region west of the blue ridge mountains, with fertile valleys lying between long narrow mountain Ridges
Appalachian Plateau Georgia's smallest geographic region, located in the NorthWest corner of the state
Archaeologist a scientist who studies the past based on materials such as fossils and artifacts that ancient people left behind
Artifact an object made,modified, or used by humans in the past that contributes to our understanding of an earlier culture
prehistorical relating to the time before written history
culture the common values and traditions of a society,such as language ,government ,and family relationship
Paleo- indians the first Americans who crossed from Asia into North America approximately 10,000 years ago
Archaic Period the period of history after the last ice age , from approximately 8000 B.C to 1000 B.C
woodland Period the period of history after the Archaic period, approximately 1000 B.C to A.D 900
Agriculture cultivating the soil to produce crops
Renaissance the European Civilization from the 1300s to 1600 characterized by an increased interest in art and learning
monopoly complete control over the entire supply of goods and service in a particular market
joint -stock Company a business formed by a group of people who jointly make an investment and share in the profits and losses
Mercantilism an economic theory in which government controls trade and establishes colonies to obtain gold, silver, and natural resources to create wealth and a favorable balance of trade for the parent country
Conquistador a spanish soldier and explore who led military expedition in the Americas and captured land for spain
Gulfstream a powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of mexico north along the East coast of North America before turning east toward europe
Relative location is the location of something in comparison to the location of something else
Absolute location is designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid
Hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
Equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude
Parallels side by side and having the same distance continuously between them:
Prime Meridian planet's meridian adopted as the zero of longitude
Meridian is any great circle line on the Earth's surface, passing through the North Pole and the South Pole.
Latitude 1.the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes:
longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes:
Compass Rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart
scale .each of the small, thin horny or bony plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles, typically overlapping one another
Goods articles for sale or use, often those produced for later consumption, as opposed to services
Services .perform routine maintenance or repair work on (a vehicle or machine):
imports bring into a country from abroad for sale
Exports .send (goods or services) to another country for sale
Climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period:
Weather 1.the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, and rain
Created by: ToniceS



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