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Unit 1 Vocabulary

Chaptert1,2,3

TermDefinition
Sunbelt The sunbelt is a group of southern states that that stretches from the East Coast all the way to California.
Regions A geographic area that is smiliar in terms of landscape,climate ,elevation,plant and animal life.
Coastal Plain The Southern Most geographic region in Georgia, further divided into the lower coastal plain and the upper coastal plain.
Fall Line A geological boundary between the lower level of the coastal plain to the higher level of the Piedmont where rapids occur.
Piedmont The rolling,hilling,plateau that stretches north from the fall.
Applachain Mountain The Mountains range stretching from central Alabama to canada located in the northwestern part of Georgia.
Blue Ridge Mountains The Easternmost range of the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from Georgia to Pennsylvania.
Valley and ridge The region west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, fertile valleys lying between long narrow mountain ridges running in a northeastern direction.
Appalachian Plateau Georgia's smallest geographic region, located in the northeastern corner of the state.
2. Archaeologists A scientists who studies the past based on materials such as fossils and artifacts that ancient people left behind.
Artifact An object made modified or used by humans in the past that contributes to our understanding.
Prehistoric Relating to the time written before history.
Culture The common values and society.
Paleo Indians The first Americans to cross from asia to the americas.
Archaic Period The period of history from the last ice age from approximately 8000 BC to 1000 BC.
Woodland period The period of history after the archaic period from approximately 1000 BC to AD 900.
Agriculutre Cultivating the soil to produce crops.
3. Renaissance The European civilization from the 1300s to 1600 characterized by an increased interest in art and learning.
Christopher Colombus Looking for Asia instead found the Americas and claimed that he found it first.
Conquistadors The 16th century spanish soldiers who followed Colombus to the americas are conquistadors.
Gulf stream A powerful ocean current that comes from the Gulf of Mexico.
Hernando de soto Explored the southeast and encountered friendly native americans that took him in...
Pedro Menedez de Aviles A French explore sent to destroy Fort Caroline.
Jean Ribault Set out from France to explore the southeast coast of north America to try to start a new colony.
Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere Jean Ribault's second in command.
Huguenots Would be sailors which were French Protestants.
New France French territory in North America.
Mercantilism A economic theory that suggests the government controls trade and attempts to transfer wealth from colonies to the parent countries.
Joint stock company Were backed by investors people who's money into a project to earn points.
Carter A written contract issued by government giving the holder the right to establish a colony.
Indentured slaves People who can not afford to pay their own way.
Monopoly You have all stuff while other countries don't.
Aziia Montgomery's proposed colony name.
Relative Location A place or point relation to another place or point.
Absolute Location A point on earths surface expressed by a coordinate system such as latitude and longitude.
Hemisphere Half of the terrestrial globe or celestial sphere, especially one of the halves into which the earth is divided.
Equator The great circle on a sphere or heavenly body whose plane is perpendicular to the axis, equidistant everywhere from the two poles of the sphere or heavenly body.
Parallels Extending in the same direction, equidistant at all points, and never converging or diverging.
Prime Meridian the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned.
Meridians a great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface.
Latitude the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point.
Longitude Angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian, as that of Greenwich.
Compass rose a circle divided into 32 points or 360° numbered clockwise from true or magnetic north, printed on a chart or the like as a means of determining the course of a vessel or aircraft
Scale an oxide, especially an iron oxide, occurring in a scaly form on the surface of metal brought to a high temperature
Goods morally excellent; virtuous; righteous
Services the supplying or supplier of utilities or commodities, as water, electricity, or gas, required or demanded by the public.
Imports to bring in (merchandise, commodities, workers, etc.) from a foreign country for use, sale, processing, re-export, or services
Exports to ship (commodities) to other countries or places for sale, exchange, etc.
Climate the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years.
Weather the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
Shale a rock of fissile or laminated structure formed by the consolidation of clay or argillaceous material.
tribe any aggregate of people united by ties of descent from a common ancestor, community of customs and traditions, adherence to the same leaders, etc.
Clan a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor: the Mackenzie clan.
Sherds shard.
Nomads a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a traditional route or circuit according to the state of the pasturage or food supply.
Effigy a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument
Atlatl 1870-75; < Nahuatl ahtlatl
Chiefdom the rank or office of a chief.
Beringia a vast area between the Kolyma River in the Russian Far East to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada
Middens a dunghill or refuse heap.
Moat a deep, wide trench, usually filled with water, surrounding the rampart of a fortified place, as a town or a castle.
Podium a small platform for the conductor of an orchestra, for a public speaker, etc.
Mastodon a massive, elephant like mammal of the genus Mastodon, that flourished worldwide from the Miocene through the Pleistocene epochs and, in North America, into recent times, having long, curved upper tusks and, in the male, short lower tusks.
Pottery ceramic ware, especially earthenware and stoneware
Oral Tradition a community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or example from one generation to another without written instruction.
Wattle and daub Also, wattle and dab. a building technique employing wattles plastered with clay and mud.
Mound builders the various American Indian tribes who, in prehistoric and early historic times, erected the burial mounds and other earthworks of the Mississippi drainage basin and southeastern U.S.
New World Western Hemisphere (America)
Expeditions an excursion, journey, or voyage made for some specific purpose, as of war or exploration.
Guale-sea island Guale was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Islands. Spanish Florida established its Roman Catholic missionary system in the chiefdom in the late 16th century.
Fur trade The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
Monarchy a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch.
Protestant any Western Christian who is not an adherent of a Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Church.
Anthropologist a person who specializes in anthropology.
Antiquities the quality of being ancient; ancientness: a bowl of great antiquity
Horticulture the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants.
Clovis points Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture. They date to the Paleo indian period around 13,500 years ago.
Mounds a natural elevation of earth; a hillock or knoll.
Palisade a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense.
Wooly mammoth The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) is a species of mammoth that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and was one of the last in a line of mammoth species, beginning with Mammuthus subplanifrons in the early Pliocene
Barter economy Barter is a system of exchange where goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money
Maize a pale yellow resembling the color of corn
Projectile points (Arrow Heads) for a bow and arrow
Colonization To establish a colony in; settle
Spanish missions The Spanish missions in Alta California comprise a series of 21 religious and military outposts; established by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order between 1769 and 1833, to spread Christianity among the local Native Americans
Barrier Islands a broadened barrier beach, habitable in places, that provides a measure of protection for the mainland, as during hurricanes and tidal waves.
Influence the capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of others
Small pox an acute, highly contagious, febrile disease, caused by the variola virus, and characterized by a pustular eruption that often leaves permanent pits or scars: eradicated worldwide by vaccination programs.
Catholicism the faith, system, and practice of the Catholic Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
Created by: Mlgeology
 

 



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