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Unit 1 Vocabulary

Chapter 1 , 2, & 3

TermDefinition
Sunbelt A group of southern states that stretches from the east coast.
Regions Areas that are similar in terms of landscape , climate , elevation and plant and animal life.
Coastal Plain The southernmost region in georgia.
Fall Line At the fall line elevations rise and fall.
Peidmont A rolling hilly region that stretches north from the fall line.
Appalachian Mountains A large mountain range that stretches from Alabama to Cananda.
Appalachian Plateau is in the far northwest corner of Georgia.
Archaeologist a specialist in archaeology, the scientific study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, etc.
Artifacts an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
Pre-historic relating to, or denoting the period before written records. "prehistoric man"
Culture is a way of life of a group of people--the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them
Paleo Indians to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the American continents
Archaic Periods The Early Archaic Period in Georgia and elsewhere in the eastern United States was approximately 10,000 to 8,000 years ago
Woodland Period North American pre-Columbian cultures was from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America.
Agriculture the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
Renaissance A time of increased interest in art and learning
Christopher Columbus A spanish explorer who believed he could sail across the Atlantic
Wooly Mammoth a species of mammoth that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and was one of the last in a line of mammoth species
Shale a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals
Tribe a distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self-sufficient, and not integrated into the national society
Palisade sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure
Merchantalism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism
Monarchy a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication
Colonization Colonization occurs whenever there is a large-scale migration of any one or more groups of people to a colonial area
smallpox An eradicated virus that used to be contagious, disfiguring, and often deadly.
Catholicism The Latin and Eastern Catholic Churches together form the "Catholic Church", or "Roman Catholic Church", the world's largest single religious body and the largest Christian church
Barrier islands are long, narrow, offshore deposits of sand or sediment that run parallel to the coastline. They are separated from the main land by a shallow sound, bay, or lagoon
Projectile points In archaeological terms, a projectile point is an object that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife.
Barter economy is a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates.
Atlatl is a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing
Bow and Arrow A bow is a flexible arc which shoots aerodynamic projectiles called arrows.
Mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface.
Effigy a sculpture or model of a person.
Chiefdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship, and in which formal leadership is monopolized
Oral Tradition is cultural material and tradition transmitted orally from one generation to another
Horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church
Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the North American Clovis culture
Antiquities the ancient past, especially the period before the Middle Ages
Anthropologist the study of humankind, in particular.
Sherds is commonly a historic or prehistoric fragment of pottery, although the term is occasionally used to refer to fragments of stone and glass vessels as well.
Moats a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defense against attack.
Nomads is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another.
Conquistador a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Beringa a western island of the Komandorskie Islands group in the Bering Sea
Guale-Sea Island was an historic Native American chiefdom along the coast of present-day Georgia and the Sea Island
Fur trade a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
New world The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas
Podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience, as when making a speech or conducting an orchestra
Middens an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, vermin, shells, sherds
wattle and duabe is a composite building material used for making walls,
Mastodon a large, extinct, elephantlike mammal of the Miocene to Pleistocene epochs, having teeth of a relatively primitive form and number.
Blue ridge Mountains The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range
valley and ridge A ridge or mountain ridge is a geological feature consisting of a chain of mountains or hills that form a continuous elevated crest for some distance.
Joint stock company a company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders.
Charter a written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power.
Relative Location a point or place in relation to another point or place
Absolute Location A point on the earth's surface expressed by a coordinate system such as latitude and longitude
hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
equator the great circle on a sphere or heavenly body whose plane is perpendicular to the axis, equidistant everywhere from the two poles of the sphere .
parallels extending in the same direction, equidistant at all points, and never converging or diverging.
Prime meridian he meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned.
Meridians a great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface.
Latitude the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point.
Longitude angular distance east or west on the earth's surface.
Compass Rose a circle divided into 32 points or 360° numbered clockwise from true or magnetic north, printed on a chart or the like as a means of determining the course of a vessel or aircraft.
scale one of the thin, flat, horny plates forming the covering of certain animals, as snakes, lizards, and pangolins.
Goods morally excellent; virtuous; righteous; pious.
Services an act of helpful activity; help; aid: to do someone a service.
Imports o bring in (merchandise, commodities, workers, etc.) from a foreign country for use, sale, processing, reexport, or services.
Exports to ship (commodities) to other countries or places for sale, exchange, etc.
Climate a region or area characterized by a given climate.
Weather the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
Created by: 24shepar