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Civil War


What political party was Abraham Lincoln? Republican
Who was President of the United States during the Civil War? Abraham Lincoln
Why did some Southern states refuse to accept Lincoln's election as president? They were afraid Lincoln would try to abolish or limit the spread of slavery.
What did the Southern states do? Seceded from the Union
What did it mean to secede from the Union? Withdraw from the Union; Leave the Union
What new nation did the Southern states start? Confederate States of America -- also called the Confederacy
Who was President of the Confederacy? Jefferson Davis
Where did the Civil War begin? Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina
Why did the Civil War begin? The Confederates fired on Fort Sumter.
When was the Civil War? 1861-1865
What is a civil war? A war between people of the same country
Define emancipation. Freeing the African-American slaves
What debate climaxed in the Civil War? Federal Power vs. States' Rights
Who was Ulysses S. Grant? Greatest Union general (North) in the Civil War
Who was Robert E. Lee? Greatest Confederate general in the Civil War
Identify Frederick Douglass. 1) African-American abolitionist 2) Encouraged President Lincoln to recruit African-Americans as soldiers in the Union Army
Why was the Battle of Antietam important? Northern victory that led to the Emancipation Proclamation
Who issued the Emancipation Proclamation? President Abraham Lincoln
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? Freed all slaves who lived in states still in rebellion on January 1, 1863
What was the North's war aim before the Emancipation Proclamation? Preservation of the Union
What were the North's 2 war aims after the Emancipation Proclamation? 1) Preserve the Union 2) Free the slaves
What effect did the Emancipation Proclamation have on foreign governments? Discouraged foreign governments from aiding the Confederacy
What battle was the military turning point of the Civil War? Gettysburg
Which side won the Battle of Gettysburg? The North (Union Army)
What did Lincoln identify as the North's 2 war aims in the Gettysburg Address? 1) Preservation of the Union 2) Abolition of Slavery
What happened at Appomattox? Lee surrendered to Grant.
Where did the Civil War end? Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia
how did the Civil War affect African-Americans? 1) Gained freedom 2) Fought in the Union Army
What did many Southern soldiers find when they returned home at the end of the Civil War? 1) Homes were destroyed. 2) Families were poor.
Describe the role of women during the Civil War. 1) Managed homes and families 2) Ran farms 3) Faced poverty and hunger 4) Worked as nurses 5) Some worked in war industries.
Created by: wzuger
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