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8SS unit 1

geography, native am, explorers

TermDefinition
relative location describes where a place is compared to other locations
hemisphere any half of the earth
absolute location precise position on earth's surface; often given in latitude and longitude
equator imaginary line that goes around the globe exactly halfway between the North and South Pole
Prime Meridian imaginary line running from the North Pole through England and part of Africa to the South Pole
Barrier Islands islands off the coast of Georgia; protect beaches by blocking much wind, sand, and water that could erode the mainland
Fall Line line that marks the farthest inland shoreline of the pre-historic ocean; divides Piedmont region from Coastal Plain
physiographic regions way of defining the Earth's landforms into distinct regions
Blue Ridge region in Georgia where highest and largest group of mountains in GA are located
Ridge and Valley region in Ga that has low open valleys and narrow ridges that run parallel to the valleys
Piedmont region in Ga that has gently sloping hills and valleys in the north and flatlands in the south; most populated in Ga.
TAG Corner in the Appalachian Plateau, region where Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia meet
Coastal Plain major agricultural region; contains georgia's coasts
Appalachian Plateau smallest region in Ga. made up of limestone caves, deep canyons, and rock formations
Okefenokee Swamp located in Coastal Plain region, one of the largest freshwater wetlands in America
Savannah River begins in the Blue Ridge region; creates border between Georgia and South Carolina
Chattahoochee River begins in the Blue Ridge region; creates borders between Georgia and Alabama
Appalachian Mountains located in BlueRidge region; marks the beginning of the Appalachian Trail
Paleo first pre-historic native Americans , lived in the SE during the period from 10000 to 8000 BC
Archaic pre-historic native Americans, lived in SE from about 8000 to 1000 B.C.
Woodland pre-historic Native American culture that existed between Archaic and Missippian 1000 B.C. to A.D.1000
Missippian pre-historic Native American culture developed along the Mississippi River around A.D.700 later spread to other areas of the SE
atlatl spear throwing tool; increases speed and distance of spear throw
Etowah Indian Mounds built by Mississipians; contains one of the largest Indan mounds in North America
Rock Eagle effigy built by the Woodland Indians
paliades wooden fences made of sharpened stakes, built to protect villages
Hernando de Soto led first successful European exploration through modern day Georgia
missions religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics in order to spread Christianity to Native americans
Created by: cynthia_ritter
 

 



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