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Ch10-Ancient Greece

Introduction to Ancient Greek civilization

Peninsula land area mostly surrounded by water
Peloponnesian Largest peninsula
Mainland area of land that is part of a continent
Aegean Sea body of water with islands where most people settled
Mountains kept people isolated; good for grazing animals
Lowland valleys and plains settled by farmers
Mediterranean Climate Mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
Olive Oil and Wine important trade goods in Ancient Greece
Being surrounded by sea became skillful sailors and merchants; contact with other cultures
Minoan Civilization had writing system
1450 B.C. Minoan Civilization was destroyed by a natural disaster
1100 B.C. Mycenaean Civilization was destroyed by the Dorians
Mycenaean Civilization governed by monarchy
Dark Age decline of the Greek culture; lost ability to read and write
Ionia location where Greeks settled during the Dark Age
Trojan War 10 years of fighting among Greeks; Mycenaeans attacked Troy
Iliad epic poem written by Homer; tells events during the war
Odyssey epic poem written by Homer; describes adventures of the hero Odysseus after the war
Polis another name for a city-state
Citizens people of the city-state who had legal rights
Acropolis part of the high city with a building built on a hillside; place for government; served as a fortress in times of danger
Lower City consisted of peoples' homes, shops and farms
Agora marketplace located in the city-state
Politics the art and practice of government
Minoan Civilization running water in stone palaces
Minoan Civilization traded goods
Mycenaean Civilization developed on the mainland
Mycenaean Civilization made bronze weapons and pottery
Mycenaean Civilization raided for gold
Mycenaean Civilization rulers lived in stone fortresses on hilltops
Monarchy form of government where a king or queen rules
Aristocracy hereditary class of rulers
Created by: katrina.maxson



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