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APUSH midterm

multiple choice

From the 1850's to the 1890's the main form of urban mass transit in the U.S. was the:a.) electric trolleyb.) horsecarc.) omnibusd.) cable car B. Horsecar
By 1900, the primary means of urban mass transit in the U.S. was the:A.) subwayB.) trolley carC.) elevated railroadD.) cable car B. Trolley Car
For ordinary Americans of the late 19th century, the invention that probably offered the most dramatic evidence of changing urban life was theA.) electric lightb.) subwayc.) radiod.) telegraph A. Electric Light
Around 1900, American urban mass transit was primarily a function of:a.) state governmnetsb.) municipal governmnetsc.) private corporationsd.) the fed. gov. C. Private Corporations
The greatest benefactor of the public libraries,in 1881 announced that he would build a library in any city that was prepared to maintain it was:A.) J.P. MorganB.) Andrew CarnegieC.) John D. RockefellerD.) George W. Vanderbilt B. Andrew Carnegie
As well-traveled American compared American cities such as Chicago with European ones like Berlin, they felt ChicagoA.) was vastly superior to Europe CitiesB.) neeeded mor streetcarsC.) Needed flush toiletsD.) lacked Berlin's culture and grandeur D. Lacked Berlin's culture and grandeur
In late 19th century America, a sign of high status was:a.) choice of residential neighborhoodb.) membership to exclusive clubsc.) conspicuous displays of wealthd.) all of the above D. All of the above
Most members of the middle classa.) preffered to live in luxurious city apartmentsb.) preferred to live in suburbs due to privacyc.) imitate the rich by constructing scale down villas in the countryd.) remained near to ethnic neighborhoods B. Preferred to live in the suburbs because of the privacy it gave them
Accurately characterizes middle class marriage 2nd half of 1900's?a. rate rose 1865-1900b. rate fell lowest point 1860-1900c. declined 1865-1880, rose 1880-1890 then declined againd.) marriage rate fell to low pt in 19 cent. but rose after 1890. D.) Marriage rate fell to lowest point in late 19th century but rose again after 1890
Accurately describes life changes in middleclass in the 1890's?a. high school education = more commonb. fewer young adults drew out adoloscense. moved from childhood -> urban lifec. parents increased disiplined. children became economic assets A. A high school education became more common
Most of the immigrants who arrived in U.S. cities from 1900-1914 were a. northern European protestantsb. southerin and eastern European protestantsc. southern and eastern european jews/catholicsd. western european jews/catholics Southern and eastern european jews/catholics
describes patterns in the typical city in 1900?a.various ethnic groups mingled thruout cityb. immigrants settle by ethnic groupsc. immigrants settle far from the factories they workedd. immigrants required by zone laws to live in ghettos B. Imigrants of a particular region of a country tended to setlle by ethnic group
immigrants accommodation of city 1900?a. discarded culture ASAP to blend in U.S. b. each family only looked out for themselfc. many joined temperent societies d. many relied on native newspapers, salloons and mutual aid societies to get by D. Many relied on native-speaking newspapers, the conviviality of saloons, and the assistance of mutual aid societies
Around turn of century, Blakcs moving to Northern cities experienced:a. less racism than in the Southb. more opportunitiies to become skilled workers c. increasing residential segregationd. good opportunities to buy integrated housing C. Increasing residential segregation
1900: city dweller (immigrant or native) needed a favor, they went to:a. newspaper columnistb. an alderman or ward bossc. an ombudsmand. member of congress B. alderman/ward boss
What of the following did pol. machines not do?a. reward part loyalty w/ jobs/favorsb. mediate conflicting city interestc. clean up prostitution and other corruptiond. serve as a clearinghouse for city business deals C. They did not clear up prostitution or other forms of corruption
Before 1880's, most Jews in America came from:a. Polandb. Hungaryc. Russiad. Germany D. Germany
Rom. cath. church responded to catholic's immigrants desire divide church by ethnica. condeming "Americanism"b. driving Pol. U.S. to Pol Catholic in US (opposed pope)c. power balance Irish to Italian bishopsd. gradually allowing these churches D. Gradually allowing such parishes and appointing such bishops when ethnic groups became large enough to warrant special treatment
End of 19th cent: urban Prot. church reacted to influx of non-Prots:a. evangelizing and making church instrument of social upliftb. isolating themselvesc. sending effective ministers to counter catholics/convert Jewsd. segregating church by class A. Evangelizing and making the church an instrumnet of social uplift
At the turn of the century, Vaudeville:a. remained a rowdy, risque variety show, plaing in mainly beer hallsb. was losing popularity to motion pics c. was an unorganized form of entertainment offered by small companiesd. became suitable for family D. became suitable for family attendance in larger theatres
The main pt of progressive era:a. freeing individuals/business from fed. controlb. protecting farmers/small businesses from corporatec. organizing workers into unified political partyd. strenghtening gov. as an instrument of social betterment D. Strengthening government as an instrument of social betterment
Prominent among progressive advocates were:A. socialists, social gospelerss, women, muckrakersb. athletes, entertainers, musiciansc. bankers, advertisers, congressmentd. union leaders ,machine politicians, immigrants A. socialists, social gospelers, women and mukrakers
Created by: llcrys