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Chapter 1

Civics The study of the rights and duties of a citizen
Citizenship Rights and duties of members of a state
Service Economy Where the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product
Value The general principles or beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions
Popular Sovereignty The notion that power lies with the people
Institiution Set of ideas that people have about relationship, obligations, roles, and functions of society
Citizen Community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it.
Naturalization A legal process to obtain citizenship
Alien A non-citizen
Immigrant A person who moves permanently to a new country
Deport To send an alien or immigrant back to his/her own country
Government The ruling authority for a community
Public Policy The course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
Budget A plan for making or spending money
Democracy A government in which citizens hold the power to rule
Direct Democracy A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
Representative Democracy A democracy in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
Republic A representative democracy where citizens choose their lawmakers
Monarchy A government with a hereditary, single leader
Majority Rule Political principal providing that a majority of the members of a community has the power to make laws binding upon the people.
Authoritarian A government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power
Totalitarian A system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives.
Created by: richardsanchez