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Civil War Vocabulary

blockade Shutting off of an area to keep people and supplies from moving in or moving out
Anaconda Plan Union strategy for defeating the Confederacy during the Civil War
Battle of Gettysburg Union victory over Confederate forces in a 3 day battle in 1863. This was a turning point in the Civil War.
draft Law that required men of a certain age to serve in the military if called.
Battle of Bull Run First major battle of the Civil War, fought near Manassas Junction, Virginia, on July 21, 1861.
Appomattox Courthouse Site where the Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
total war Method of warfare that involves civilians as targets and is designed to destroy the opposing army and the people's will to fight.
Battle of Atlanta Union victory led by General Sherman that included his "march to the sea" and left a path of destruction behind him.
Confederacy Confederate States of America formed by the 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union after Abraham Lincoln was elected President.
Gettysburg Address Civil War speech given by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 at the site of the deadliest Civil War battle.
Civil War War between people of the same country.
Union States that remained loyal to the United States government during the Civil War.
secede To withdraw formally from membership in an organization, association, or alliance.
Abraham Lincoln President of the United States
Ulysses S. Grant General of the Union .
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America
Emancipation Proclamation Decree issued by Abraham Lincoln that made slavery illegal.
Robert E. Lee General of the Union army, but fought for his home state of Virginia as the General of the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson General of the Confederacy who was accidentally shot by his own men.
William Tecumseh Sherman Union General who planned "total war" to destroy the Confederate's will to fight.
Created by: beth.diss