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McMorris S.S. Test 1

Mrs. McMorris' American History test 1 (word for word from test)

What was the name of the first permanent English Settlement in North America? jamestown
What killed 2/3 of Jamestown during the first year? starvation and disease
What powerful group of Native Americans had a fragile relationship with the Virginia Colonists? Powhattan
What types of crops did the southern colonists grow? cash crops such as tobacco.
What was the MAIN source of labor on the FIRST plantations? indentured servants
What were indentured servants? servants who were working to pay a debt
What was Bacon's rebellion? a rebellion led by Nathaniel Bacon, a colonist who opposed high taxes and being forced to trade with the American colonies
List the southern colonies. Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland, and Georgia
What was the Toleration Act of 1649? a bill that made it a crime to restrict the religious right of christians
Why was the economy of the southern colonies based on agriculture? because they had long growing seasons and rich soil
List the New England Colonies. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island
List three exports from colonial New England. Ships, whale oil, fish
Why didn't the New England colonies grow cash crops? because of New England's rocky soil and poor climate
What was the main reason both the Puritans and the Pilgrims settled in the colonies? They were seeking religious freedom
What was the Mayflower compact? An agreement to have fair laws to protect the general good
Where did the Salem Witchcraft Trials take place? Massachusetts
Most colonies reflected beliefs of... the local communities
List the Middle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware
What religious group was called "The Society of Friends?" The Quakers
Who was William Penn? The Quaker founder of the Pennsylvania colony
What types of crops were grown in the middle colonies? crops such as wheat, oats, and barley
What were staple crops? crops that will always be in demand because of their necessity.
What is a bicameral legislature? a legislature (group of lawmakers) split into two groups
Who had ultimate authority over the colonies? the King of England
What was the purpose of the English Bill of Rights? To reduce the power of the King
What was the main reason for founding and controlling the colonies? to make money through trade
What is mercantilism? a system of gaining and maintaining wealth through a system of carefully controlled trade
What is the best way for a country to gain wealth? to have more exports than imports
What was the purpose of the Navigational Acts? to control trade in the colonies
Triangular Trade was a system of trade among what three places? The Americas, England, And Africa
What was the Middle Passage? a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic to the West Indies and North America?
What was the Great Awakening? a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730's and 1740's
What was the Enlightenment? the movement which spread the idea that reason and logic can improve society
What was the cause of the French and Indian War? The British wanted to settle Ohio River Valley
What was thee purpose of the Proclamation of 1763? to ban British settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
What natural boundary formed the western border of the colonies after 1763? The Appalachian Mountains
Why did England begin increasing taxes on the colonists after the French and Indian War? because they felt it was their right to tax against the colonists to gain the money if needed to pay off war debts and to pay for the British Army still in the colonies.
What was the name of the act that placed duties on sugar and molasses imported by colonists? The Sugar act of 1764
What act required colonists to pay for a tax on paper goods? The Stamp Act
Who were the sons of Liberty? a group of colonists leading against the British
These acts placed a tax on imported tea, glass, lead, paint, and other items imported into the colonies. It also allowed tax collectors to search ships for smuggled goods. The Townshend Acts
What man was one of the Revolutionary leaders who helped organize the Boston Tea Party? Samuel Adams
What was the Boston Massacre? a incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of angry colonists, killing five men.
How did the colonists use the Boston Massacre to their advantage? They used propaganda to unite the colonists against the British
What was the Tea Act? An Act that allowed the British tea company to sell its low-cost-tea directly to the colonies, undermining colonial merchants. This Act lead to the Boston Tea Party
What was the Boston Tea Party? A protest against the Tea Act in which a group of colonists, dressed as Indians, boarded a ship carrying British tea and dumped more than 340 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
What were the Coercive Acts? laws passed by the Parliament to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party and to tighten government control of the colonies. The colonists called these acts the "Intolerable Acts."
The Intolerable Acts eventually lead to the writing of the... Declaration of Independence
What was the main reason colonists were angry about the taxes the British were imposing on them? They were angry about "taxation without representation." (They felt as if they should not have to pay taxes passed by the Parliament unless they had a vote in Parliament.)
Identify and describe how a certain land area caused some colonists to think of independence from England. The Ohio River Valley's rich fertile soil was the reason many Colonists fought in the French and Indian War. When England won the war, the colonists expected to have use of that land. When King George III passed the Proclamation of 1673...
Created by: Sadie Forbes



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