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Chapter 1 Test-LA

QuestionAnswer
1. any natural features of Earth’s surface landform
2. surroundings environment
3. a specific spot on planet Earth, sometimes expressed using latitude and longitude absolute location
4. where a place is located in relation to another place or places relative location
5. an imaginary line that measures a location’s distance north or south of the equator latitude
6. an imaginary line on Earth’s surface that divides Earth evenly between the North and South Poles equator
7. an imaginary line that measures how far east or west a location is from the prime meridian longitude
8. the 0° line of longitude that divides Earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres prime meridian
9. a segment of the worldwide system for standardizing time; there are 24 in the world; the US spans 7 of them time zone
10. an imaginary line, located mainly on the 180ー meridian, that marks the divide where the date changes by one day International Date Line
11. the study of differences in the terrain and character of the land in a given place or region physical geography
12. the height of a place above sea level elevation
13. the difference between the highest and lowest levels in a given area relief
14. soil that is made up of sediment carried by a river and deposited along its banks alluvial soil
15. a place where a river meets the sea estuary
16. windblown dust that builds up and forms a ridge of bluffs as it approaches higher elevations loess soil
17. wearing away by the action of water or wind erosion
18. an area found along a coast that is a transition area between land and water marsh
19. a geological formation found in Louisiana’s salt marsh, which is covered by layers of rock that, under great pressure, have folded upward in domelike formations salt dome
20. scientists who study the origin, history, and structure of Earth geologist
21. caused when rock formations press against each other and fold upward uplift
22. water that is deep enough to travel by boat navigable
23. an area of land that drains into tributaries and eventually into larger rivers drainage basin
24. material that settles to the bottom of a liquid sediment
25. a lake formed when a river seeks a shorter, straighter course through flat terrain cutoff lake
26. a lake created when a huge logjam blocks the flow of a river raft lake
27. a lake created behind low groups of ridges in the marshlands marsh lake
28. a waterway closely associated with Louisiana, which ranges in size from short and shallow to long and navigable bayou
29. the current condition of the atmosphere on any given day weather
30. the average weather of an area over a long period of time climate
31. any form of water, liquid or solid, that falls from the atmosphere and reaches the ground precipitation
32. a dark funnel-shaped cloud with swirling winds that can measure over two hundred miles an hour tornado
33. a violent storm that forms in the Atlantic Ocean during the summer and fall hurricane
34. the number of days between the last killing frost (below 32°F) in the spring and the first killing frost in the fall growing season
35. swamps, marshes, and other areas that have a natural supply of water and are covered or soaked with water at least part of the year wetlands
36. the slow process of land sinking into the sea subsidence
37. a rodent that was once highly valued for its fur but now causes harm to our marshes nutria
38. In which time zone is Louisiana located? Central
39. Which waterway does NOT form one of Louisiana’s natural boundaries? Red River
40. What is the largest natural lake in Louisiana? Lake Pontchartrain
41. Which of the following areas is NOT part of the Mississippi Floodplain? the Hills
42. What type of climate is found in Louisiana? humid subtropical
43. If you tell someone you live across the street from the library, what type of location are you describing? relative
44. What type of location is based on lines of latitude and longitude? absolute
45. What is a benefit of the barrier islands? They provide protection from storm surges.
46. According to the map, which river forms part of Louisiana’s eastern border? Pearl
47. According to the map, what is the longest river in Louisiana? Mississippi
48. What type of lake was created by the Red River? raft
49. According to the map, the most northerly point of the Mississippi River is found in what state? Minnesota
50. What type of map shows Louisiana’s rivers? topographical
51. According to the map, which state is the shortest distance from Louisiana? Michigan, Minnesota, Tennessee, Wisconsin Tennessee
52. Mrs. Frazier’s flight departs at 11 AM from New Orleans, LA. The plane lands in San Diego, Ca, five hours later. What time is in San Diego when she arrives? 2 PM
53. In what direction would you travel if you were traveling from Lake Pontchartrain to the confluence of the Red River and the Mississippi River? NW
54. Use the time zone map to determine the time in Louisiana if it is 11am in California. 1 PM
55. For early settlers in Louisiana, which two areas on the map did they need to be most aware of as being susceptible to flooding and hurricanes? IV and V
56. Which of the following gives the most accurate absolute location of New Orleans? b. 30N,90W
57. What is the highest point in Louisiana? Driskell Mountain
58. According to the map, which river forms part of Louisiana’s western border? Sabine River
59. If it is 10:00 AM in Louisiana, what time is it in Alaska? 7 AM
60. Why was an extensive flood control system built along the banks of the Mississippi River? to protect the cities
61. What would happen if a large portion of Louisiana’s 2.5 million acres of marshland were destroyed? Population of migrating birds would decrease.
62. What conclusion could be drawn from the maps? The passes are continually changing due to the sediment deposits.
63. What conclusion can be drawn from the information in the chart? Coastal wetlands have greatly diminished by human intervention.
64. In which 2 regions is Baton Rouge located? Terraces & Mississippi Floodplains
65. Which of the following conclusions is supported by information on the map? Marsh grasses and animals in the passes will be threatened.
Created by: Colleen Frazier