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SJE SS RECONSTRUCTIO

Reconstruction

TermDefinition
amnesty government pardon
black codes Southern laws that severely limited the rights of African Americans after the Civil War
carpetbagger uncomplimentary nick-name for a northerner who went to the South after the Civil War
Fifteenth Amendment Amendment to the United States Constitution that forbids any state to deny African Americans the right to vote because of race. All males 21+ can vote.
Fourteenth Amendment An amendment to the United States Constitution that guarantees equal protection of the law and rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the USA, including former slaves.
freedmen men and women who had been slaves
Freedmen's Bureau government agency founded during Reconstruction to help former slaves
Jim Crow Laws State and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated racial segregation in all public facilities in the states of the former Confederacy. 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans. Economic, educational
Ku Klux Klan secret society organized after the Civil War to reassert white supremacy by means of violence
literacy test examination to see if a person can read and write; used in the past to restrict voting rights
Radical Reconstruction Reconstruction rebuilding of the South after the Civil War period beginning in 1867, when the Republicans who had control in both houses of Congress, took charge of Reconstruction
Radical Republicans members of Congress during Reconstruction who wanted to ensure that freedmen received the right to vote
Reconstruction rebuilding of the South after the Civil War
Reconstruction Act an 1867 law that threw out the southern state governments that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
scalawag white Southerner who supported the Republicans during Reconstruction
segregation legal separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
sharecropper person who rents a plot of land from another person and farms it in exchange for a share of the crop
Ten Percent Plan Lincoln's plan that allowed a southern state to form a new government after 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
Thirteenth Amendment an 1865 amendment to the United States Constitution that bans slavery throughout the nation
Wade-Davis Bill an 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office to anyone who had volunteered to fight for the Confederacy
Created by: RivasSJE5
 

 



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