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Unit 1 Vocab

Chapters 1, 2, and 3

sunbelt a group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to california
regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and plant/animal life
Coastal Plain southern most region in Georgia
fall line land that rises suddenly from higher to lower land
Piedmont rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains
Appalachian Mountains a larger mountain range that stretches northward from Central Alabama to Canada
Blue Ridge Mountains two mountain ranges that stretch from Pennsylvania to Georgia
Valley and Ridge characterized by fertile valleys laying narrow between long, narrow mountain ridges
Appalachian Plateau northwest corner of Georgia; covers 1% of Georgia but stretches from Alabama to New York, forming a western boundary for the Appalachian Mountains
archaeologist scientists who study the past based on what ancient people left behind
artifacts objects that were made, modified, or used by humans
prehistoric periods from the time before written history
culture way of life shared by people with similar arts, beliefs and customs
Paleo-Indians first people to live in Georgia area
Archaic Period period of Georgia's history that began after the end of the last Ice Age
Woodland Period lasted from around 1000 B.C. to about 900 A.D.
agriculture farming (began in the Woodland Period)
renaissance lasted from the 1300's to 1600; increased interest in art and learning
conquistadors 16th century Spanish soldiers who followed Christopher Colombus
gulf stream a powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico along the Eastern Coast of North America before turning east toward Europe
merchantilism government controls trade and attempts to transfer wealth from the colonies to the parent country
joint-stock backed by investors (people who put money into products to earn money)
charter written contract, issued by a government, giving the holder the right to establish a colony
monoply complete control over the entire supply of goods or services in a particular market
Mississippian Period period following the Woodland Period from about 500 to 1600 during which European explorers arrived
anthropologist a person who studies human beings' similarity to and divergence from other animals
antiquities something belonging to or remaining from ancient times, as monuments, relics, or customs
Horticulture the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants
Clovis Points bi-facial, fluted stone projectile point used in big-game hunting
mounds used as temple sites, stages for ceremonial events, and as cemeteries for chiefs and noblemen
palisade strong , wooden wall built for defense around a settlement
Wooly Mammoth a species of mammoth that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and was one of the last in a line of mammoth species; some nomad indians followed/ hunted these animals for food
barter economy a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates
maize another word for corn
bow and arrow a weapon consisting of arrows and and a mechanism to project them
projectile points (arrow heads) an object that was hafred to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife
colonization a large-scale migration of any one or more groups of people to a colonial area; to establish a colony in; settle
spanish missions Christian missions established by the Spanish Empire during the 15th to 19th centuries in an area extending from Mexico and the southwestern portions of what today are the United States, southwards as far as Argentina and Chile
barrier islands a broadened barrier beach, habitable in places, that provides a measure of protection for the mainland, as during hurricanes and tidal waves.
influence the capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of others
smallpox an acute, highly contagious, febrile disease, caused by the variola virus, and characterized by a pustular eruption that often leaves permanent pits or scars
catholicism the faith, system, and practice of the Catholic Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church
new world one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda; originated in the early 16th century after Europeans made landfall in what would later be called the Americas
shale a rock of fissile or laminated structure formed by the consolidation of clay or argillaceous material
tribe any aggregate of people united by ties of descent from a common ancestor, community of customs and traditions, adherence to the same leaders, etc
clan a group of people of common descent; family; a group of people, as a clique, set, society, or party, especially as united by some common trait, characteristic, or interest
sherds a piece of something; shard; piece of pottery, glass, ect
nomads people that move around; follow food (large game); a group that does not have permanent housing
effigy a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument; a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule
atlatl spear-thrower; a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing, and includes a bearing surface which allows the user to store energy during the throw
chiefdom the rank or office of a chief; the territory or people over which a chief rules
beringia a vast area between the Kolyma River in the Russian Far East to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada
middens a dunghill or refuse heap
moat a deep, wide trench, usually filled with water, surrounding the rampart of a fortified place, as a town or a castle
podium a stereobate for a classical temple, especially one with perpendicular sides; a small platform for the conductor of an orchestra, for a public speaker, etc.
mastodon a massive, elephantlike mammal that flourished worldwide having long, curved upper tusks and, in the male, short lower tusks; a person of immense size, power, influence, etc.
pottery ceramic ware, especially earthenware and stoneware
oral tradition a community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or example from one generation to another without written instruction
wattle and daub a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
mound builders were inhabitants of North America who, during a 5,000-year period, constructed various styles of earthen mounds for religious and ceremonial, burial, and elite residential purposes
expeditions an excursion, journey, or voyage made for some specific purpose, as of war or exploration; the group of persons, ships, etc., engaged in such an activity:
Guale-Sea Island a mission district that covered the Outer Coastal Plain and barrier islands of what is now Georgia
fur trade a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur
monarchy a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a king, queen, ect.
protestant any Western Christian who is not an adherent of a Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Church
relative location he location of something in comparison to the location of something else
absolute location a specific location; is designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid
hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles
parallels latitude and longitude lines that are on a map/globe that help give coordinates; they run from north to south and east to west
prime meridian Zero degrees longitude (east to west)
meridians a great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface; the half of such a circle included between the poles
latitude the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point
longitude angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian
compass rose a circle divided into 32 points or 360° numbered clockwise from true or magnetic north, printed on a chart or used to help navigate; a similar design, often ornamented, used on maps to indicate the points of the compass.
scale refers to the relationship or ratio between distances on a map and the corresponding distances on the ground
goods items that can be seen and touched; something you can use or consume
services actions or an action that someone does for you
imports goods or services brought into a country from abroad for sale
exports goods or services sent to another country for sale
climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
weather state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy at any point
Created by: 71SarLov



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