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Unit 1 Vocabulary

Chapters 1, 2, and 3

Sunbelt group of southern states that stretches from the east coast all the way to California
Regions areas that are similar in terms of landscape, climate, elevation, and pant and animal life
Coastal Plain southernmost region in Georgia
Fall Line elevations rise suddenly from lower to higher land
Piedmont rolling, hilly plateau that stretches north from the fall line to the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains
Appalachian Mountains larger mountain range that stretches north foward from Central Alabama to Canada
Blue Ridge Mountains forms the easternmost range of the Appalachian Mountains
Valley and Ridge west of Blue Ridge Mountains
Appalachian Plateau northwest corner of Georgia
Archaeologist scientists who study the past based on what ancient people
Artifacts objects that were made, modified, or used by humans
Pre-historic periods from the time written before history
Culture way of life shared by people with similar arts, beliefs, and customs
Paleo-Indians first people to live in GA area
Archaic Period period of GA's history that began after end of last Ice Age
Woodland Period period in GA's history that lasted from around 1000 BC to about A.D. 900
Agriculture farming( began in the Woodland Period)
Renaissance lasted from 1300s to 1600 and was a time of increased interest in art and learning
Conquistadors 16th century Spanish soldiers who followed Columbus to the Americas
Gulf Stream powerful ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico north along the eastern coast of North America before turning east toward Europe
Merchantilism the government controls trade an attempts to transfer wealth from the colonies to the parent country
Joint-Stock Company people who put money into a project to earn profits
Charter written contract, issued by a government, giving the holder the right to establish a colony
Monopoly complete control over the entire supply of goods or a service in a particular market
Mississippian period following the Woodland period from about 900 to 1600 during which European explorers arrived
Anthropologist person who studies human beings' similarities to and divergence from other animals
Antiquities something belonging to or remaining from ancient times, as monuments, relics, or customs
Horticulture the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plant
Clovis Points bifacial, fluted stone projectile point used in big-game hunting.
Mounds used as temple sites, stages for ceremonial events, and as cemeteries for chiefs and nobles
Palisade strong, wooden wall built for defense around a settlement
Wooly Mammoth large elephantlike mammal of the extinct genus Mammuthus, from the Pleistocene Epoch, having hairy skin and ridged molar teeth
Barter economy an economy that lacks a commonly accepted currency, so all exchanges must be made with goods and services because money does not exist in these economies.
Maize another word for corn
Bow and Arrow weapon used to hunt or catch game or animals
Projectile Points any stone, bone, or wooden tip attached to a weapon such as an arrow, dart, lance, or spear
Colonization a large-scale migration of any one or more groups of people to a colonial area; to establish a colony in; settle
Spanish missions Denoting a style of architecture characteristic of the Catholic missions in Spanish America
Barrier Islands A long, narrow sand island that is parallel to the mainland and serves to protect the coast from erosion. Barrier islands typically have dunes along the exposed outer side, zones of vegetation in the interior, and swampy areas along the inner lagoon.
Influence the action or process of producing effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others
Smallpox an acute, highly contagious, febrile disease, caused by the variola virus, and characterized by a pustular eruption that often leaves permanent pits or scars: eradicated worldwide by vaccination programs.
Catholicism the faith, system, and practice of the Catholic Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
New World one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas
Shale a rock of fissile or laminated structure formed by the consolidation of clay or argillaceous material.
Tribe a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader:
Clan extended family
Sherds is commonly a historic or prehistoric fragment of pottery, although the term is occasionally used to refer to fragments of stone and glass vessels as well.
Nomads a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place, usually seasonally and often following a traditional route or circuit according to the state of the pasturage or food supply.
Effigy a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument
Atlatl tool used to hurl a spear with great force
Chiefdom the territory or people over which a chief rules
Beringia a vast area between the Kolyma River in the Russian Far East to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada
Middens a dunghill or refuse heap.
Moat a deep, wide trench, usually filled with water, surrounding the rampart of a fortified place, as a town or a castle
Podium small platform for the conductor of an orchestra, for a public speaker, etc.
Mastodon a massive, elephantlike mammal of the genus Mammut (Mastodon), that flourished worldwide from the Miocene through the Pleistocene epochs and, in North America, into recent times, having long, curved upper tusks and, in the male, short lower tusks.
Pottery ceramic ware, especially earthenware and stoneware
Oral Tradition a community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or example from one generation to another without written instruction.
Wattle and daub a form of wall construction consisting of upright posts or stakes interwoven with twigs or tree branches and plastered with a mixture of clay and straw.
Mound Builders the various American Indian tribes who, in prehistoric and early historic times, erected the burial mounds and other earthworks of the Mississippi drainage basin and southeastern U.S.
Expeditions an excursion, journey, or voyage made for some specific purpose, as of war or exploration.
Guale-Sea Island
Fur trade worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur
Monarchy a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch.
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Relative location= a point gor place in relation to another point or place
Absolute location A point on the earth's surface expressed by a coordinate system such as latitude and longitude.
Hemisphere half of the terrestrial globe or celestial sphere, especially one of the halves into which the earth is divided.
Equator an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°.
Parallels each of the imaginary parallel circles of constant latitude on the earth's surface.
Prime Meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographical coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°
Meridians meridian is any great circle line on the Earth's surface, passing through the North Pole and the South Pole.
Latitude latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north-south position of a point on the Earth's surface
Longitude a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface
Compass Rose is a figure on a compass, map, nautical chart, or monument used to display the orientation of the cardinal directions—North, East, South, and West—and their intermediate points.
Scale white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc., by the evaporation of water containing lime.
Goods object that people want and can touch and hold
Services action that someone does for somebody else
Imports good or service brought into one country into another
Exports sending goods or services to another country for sale
Weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, and ect.
Climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period of time
Created by: 60brypou



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