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Chapter 1

What do historians do?

Era a large division of time
Integral essential; necessary
Decade a group or set of 10 years
Found to create or set up something, such as a city
Precise exact
Archaeology the study of objects to learn about past human life
Artifact an object made by people
Paleontology the study of fossils
Fossil plant or animal remains that have been preserved from an earlier time
Anthropology the study of human culture and how it develops over time
Species a class of individuals with similar characteristics
Evidence something that shows proof that something is true
Primary Source firsthand evidence of an event in history
Secondary Source a document or written work created after an event
Source document or reference work
Point of View a personal attitude about people or life
Bias an unreasoned, emotional judgement about people and events
Scholarly concerned with academic learning or research
Conclusion a decision reached after examining evidence
Finite limited; having boundaries
Interpretation an explanation of the meaning of something
BC Before Christ
AD Anno Domini, which is Latin for "year of our Lord," and it means the number of years since the time of Jesus Christ.
BCE Before the Common Era
CE Common Era
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