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Foundations:

TermDefinition
Declaration of Independence 1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
U.S. Constitution A president:head of the executive branch. the legislative branch consisted of elected representatives from 2 houses, Senate, and HoR, the judicial branch was formed by the Supreme court and other courts. After ratification of 9/13 states, Constitution too
Bill of Rights A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the United States, incorporated in the Constitution as Amendments 1-10, and in all state constitutions.
John Trumbull Sr. American Revolutionary leader who as governor of Connecticut provided supplies for the Continental Army (1710-1785) supported the colonists.
John Peter Muhlenberg clergyman who enlisted more than a hundred men into the Continental Army; became part of the group "Black Regiment"
John Hancock . Served as president of the 2nd Continental Congress & was 1 of Boston's leaders during the crisis that led to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. Famous for writing his signature in a large fashion on the Declaration of Independence.
Benjamin Rush 18-19th century American physician/psychiatrist. Signer of Declaration of Independence. Wrote Inquiry Upon Physical Causes Upon the Moral Faculty. Used bleeding and purging on his patients.
Charles Carroll The patriotism that pominent Catholics showed at the time of the Revolutionary War helped pave the way for a greater acceptance of Catholics in the new nation
John Witherspoon American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and president of the college that became Princeton University (1723-1794)
John Jay 1st chief justice of the supreme court; jays treaty (made the british give up there claim to the forts in the north, promised to reimburse they for the seized cargo) wrote the federalists papers
Bill of rights the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.
Fifth Amendment A constitutional amendment designed to protect the rights of persons accused of crimes, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and punishment without due process of law.
Eminent Domain Allows the govt to take property for public use but also requires the govt to provide just compensation for that property
Alexis de Tocqueville He wrote a two-volume Democracy in America that contained insights and pinpointed the general equality among people. He wrote that inequalities were less visible in America than France.
Liberty An ideal of freedom from oppression, tyranny, and government, allowing individuals to pursue happiness through positive action.
Egalitarianism A political philosophy that says all people should be treated as equals and have the same political, economic, social, and civil rights
Individualism A worldview that values individual freedom and self-expression and adherence to the principle that people should be judged by their individual achievements rather than by their social background.
Populism A political philosophy supporting the rights and power of the people in their struggle against the privileged elite.
laissez-faire Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
E Pluribus Unum Out of many, one (motto of the U.S.). Out of many colonies, you have one country. Famous saying
In God We Trust The U. S. Department of Treasury states motto was placed on United States coins largely because of the increased religious sentiment existing during the Civil War; 1955 President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a public law requiring all money have the motto
Created by: Yhernandez138
 

 



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