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Unit 3 Vocabulary

Epic A long narrative poem celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes
Myth A traditional story about gods, ancestores, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society
Polis A Greek city-state- the fundemental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C.
Acropolis A fortified hilltop in an acient Greek city
Monarchy A government in which power is in the hands of a single person
Aristocracy A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Oligarchy A government in which power is in the hands of a few people
Tyrant In ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the power for support
Democracy A government controlled by its citizens
Helot In the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land
Phalanx A military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and sheilds
Direct Democracy A government in which citizens rule directly rather than through represenitives
Classical Art The art of ancient Greece and Rome, in which hormony, order, and proportion were emphasized
Tragedy A serious form of drama dealing with in downfall of a heroic or noble character
Comedy A humorous form of drama that often includes slapstick or satire
Philosopher A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality
Republic A form of government in which power is in the hands of represenitves and leaders are elected by citezens who have the right to vote
Patrician In ancient Rome, a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class
Plebian In ancient Rome, one of the cooman farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population
Tribune In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
Consul In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct government
Senate In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats
Dictator a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
Legion a unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army.
Civil War a war between citizens of the same country.
Triumvirate a group of three men holding power, in particular the unofficial coalition of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus in 60 BC and a coalition formed by Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in 43 BC.
Apostle each of the twelve chief disciples of Jesus Christ.
Bishop a senior member of the Christian clergy, typically in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
Pope the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church.
Infalation a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Mercenary primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics.
Aqueduct A pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas
Created by: Nolan Davenport