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Chapter 3 Review

TermDefinition
Sugar Act an act passed by Parliament in 1764 requiring colonists to pay a tax on sugar and molasses
Stamp Act an act passed by Parliament requiring colonists to pay a stamp tax on newspapers and documents; this prompted "No Taxation Without Representation"
Declaratory Act passed by Parliament at the time of the Stamp Act's repeal stating that Parliament had the right to pass any tax they saw fit
Townshend Acts a set of acts passed by Parliament in 1767 placing taxes on lead, glass, paint, and tea
Tea Act an act passed by Parliament in 1773 which was not a new tax but rather gave the British East India Trading Co. the sole right to sell tea in the colonies
Quartering Act one of the Intolerable Acts that stated colonists were required to feed and house British
Intolerable Acts laws passed by Parliament in 1774 to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party by closing Boston Harbor, forcing colonists to house British troops, and placing the colony under the rule of an appointed governor
Boston Massacre a conflict between colonists and British soldiers that ended with 5 colonists dead
Militia groups of citizens who volunteer to be soldiers during emergencies minute men; ready to fight at a minutes notice
Guerrilla warfare hit-and-run attacks by small, mobile groups of soldiers
Monarchy a system of government in which the ruler inherits the right to rule and has power for life
popular sovereignty a political practice, people living in a newly organized territory had the right to vote on whether to allow slavery in the territory
boycott refusal to buy a particular good or sevice
coercive forceful
intolerable unbearable
propaganda a story giving only one side in an argument
repeal to do away with
resolutions something to be voted on
Committees of Correspondence committee that got in touch with other towns and colonies
What was the purpose of the Intolerable Acts to punish the citizens of Boston for the Boston Tea Party
What factors led to the Boston Tea Party passage of the Tea Act; colonial merchants' fears that the act would put them out of business; arrival of British East India ships in Boston Harbor
What was the significance of the Boston Massacre further increased tensions between American colonists and the British government
Why did George III issue the Proclamation Act of 1763 to stop fighting between colonists and Native Americans
How did the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment influence colonial society led to the desire for political equality and encouraged discussion about political and social issues
What factors caused the slave trade to grow? as farmers began to rely less on indentured servants, they needed more slaves to work on their farms
Why were colonial assemblies and colonial courts created, and what did they do to provide colonists with some control over local affairs like making laws and protecting freedoms
backcountry thinly settled rural area
casualties captured, injured, or killed soldiers
revivals religious gatherings where people came together to hear sermons
town meeting people met and decided on issues of local interest such as paying for schools
English Bill of Rights reduced the powers of the English monarch
triangular trade system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa
Great Awakening a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s
Enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and logic could improve society
Pontiac Indian leader who was against British settlement in the new land
Quakers The Society of Friends, made up one of the largest religious groups in New Jersey
staple crops crops that are always needed
Why did William Penn establish Pennsylvania to provide a safe place for Quakers and religious freedom for all Christians
How were New York and New Jersey similar both had diverse population and were middle colonies and fur trade was important
Puritans wanted to purify or reform the Anglican Church
immigrants people who have left the country of their birth to live in another country
Mayflower Compact a legal contract in which they agreed to have fair laws to protect the general good
What type of jobs were common in the New England colonies selling of goods, fishing and shipbuilding jobs; skilled craftspeople
What led to the religious disagreements among the Puritans different views on religion, on mixing government and religion and on the relations with Native Americans
Why was education important to the New England colonies So the children could learn to read the Bible
Jamestown The first permanent English settlement in North America
John Smith took control of Jamestown and built a fort to protect the colonists
What problems did the Jamestown colonists face lack of preparation, disease, hunger, conflict with Native Americans
indentured servants signed a contract to work for four to seven years for those who paid for their voyage to America
Toleration Act of 1649 made it a crime to restrict the religious rights of Christians
slave codes laws that were established to control slaves
Created by: shawna_westbrook
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