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Causes of Civil War

Chapter 3 Vocab

TermDefinition
Wilmot Proviso Proposed law banning slavery from the lands won from Mexico; DID NOT PASS
Free-Soil Party wanted to limit slavery in new territories (antislavery political party)
Popular sovereignty voters that live in a territory decide to allow slavery or not
secede break away from the Union
Missouri Compromise of 1820 Admitted Missouri as a slave state; Admitted Maine as free state. New states NORTH of 36°30′ would be free; New states SOUTH of 36°30′ would be slave.
Compromise of 1850 California admitted as free state, but north must pass Fugitive Slave Act
Fugitive Slave Act (of 1850) Required private citizens to help apprehend runaway slaves
Personal liberty laws Nullified the Fugitive Slave Act; Allowed the state to arrest people who were catching slaves
Underground Railroad system that helped slaves escape to the North or to Canada
Harriet Tubman "Black Moses;" one of the most famous "Conductors" for leading people to freedom
Harriet Beecher Stowe Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin in response to Fugitive Slave Act; condemned slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act nullified the Missouri Compromise, allowing slavery to spread to areas that had been free for more than 30 years
"Bleeding Kansas" People raced to states to fight over voting; violent outbreaks over popular sovereignty
John Brown Abolitionist; led violent anti-slavery protests; tried to seize the arsenal at Harper's Ferry
Harper's Ferry An arsenal in Virginia; failed anti-slavery revolt
"Know-Nothings" officially became known as the "American Party;" they opposed immigrants
Republican Party est. 1854; antislavery
Dred Scott Case Supreme Court ruling that said slaves & their descendants were property, not citizens, and not entitled to sue in the courts.
Abraham Lincoln Republican; opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act & its implicit support for the explansion of slavery.
Stephan A. Douglas Won a Senate seat again Lincoln; promoted Popular sovereignty
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