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American Revolution


What part of the New World did the French explore and colonize? Canada
In the 18th century what nation became England's rival for colonial territory in North America? France
Who were the 2 chief opponents in the French and Indian War? 1) Great Britain 2) France
Who won the French and Indian War? Great Britain
What was the main result of the French and Indian War? British drove the French out of Canada and the territories west of the Appalachian Mountains
After the French and Indian War ended, what 2 actions did the British government take that angered the American colonies? 1) Proclamation of 1763 2) New taxes on the American colonies
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do? Prohibited the American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
For what 2 reasons did Parliament pass taxes on the American colonies after the French and Indian War? 1) Huge war debt 2) Cost of British troops to protect the American colonies
What is a customs duty or tariff? A tax on imported goods
What was the Sugar Act? Tax on French molasses imported into the American colonies
What was the Stamp Act? Tax on legal documents in the American colonies
What were the Townshend Acts? Placed taxes on imported glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea
What happened at the Boston Massacre? British troops fired on a Boston mob, and 5 colonists died.
What did the Tea Act do? Gave a monopoly over the American tea trade to the British East India Company
What happened at the Boston Tea Party? Colonists dressed up like Indians and threw East India Company tea into Boston Harbor.
What was the First Continental Congress? A meeting of representatives from all 13 colonists except Georgia
Who were the Minutemen? Members of the Massachusetts militia who fought at Lexington and Concord
Where did the Revolutionary War begin? At the Battles of Lexington & Concord in Massachusetts
When did the Revolutionary War begin? April, 1775
When did the Continental Congress adopt the Declaration of Independence? July 4, 1776
What did the Declaration of Independence do? Declared the 13 American colonies to be independent from Great Britain
What group of Americans wanted complete independence from England? Patriots
What group of Americans wanted the 13 colonies to remain part of Great Britain? Tories or Loyalists
What Patriot leader said, "Give me liberty or give me death!"? Patrick Henry
What battle was the military turning point of the Revolutionary War? Battle of Saratoga
What happened at the Battle of Saratoga? Americans defeated a major British army at Saratoga, New York.
What nation gave the United States the most help in winning independence from Great Britain? France
What American negotiated the Treaty of Alliance with France in 1778? Benjamin Franklin
How did the attitude of the British people towards the Revolutionary War change, as the war dragged on? The war lost popular support in Great Britain.
Who was the commanding general of the Continental Army? George Washington
Why was George Washington a good commander of the Continental Army? 1) Avoided fighting any battle that could destroy his army 2) His leadership kept the Continental Army together.
What happened at the Battle of Yorktown? 1) Americans under Washington and the French under Lafayette defeated the British army under Lord Cornwallis 2) Last major battle of the American Revolution
What 2 factors contributed to the American victory in the Revolutionary War? 1) Diplomatic factors 2) Military factors
Created by: wzuger