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Who settled New England? Puritans
What was the Mayflower Compact? An agreement signed by the male passengers aboard the Mayflower to respect laws agreed upon for the general good of the Plymouth colony
Why did the Puritans come to the New World? Seeking freedom from religious persecution in Europe
What does religious toleration mean? Accepting of someone else's religion
What immigrants to the New World came involuntarily? Africans
What basic unit of settlement did Puritan church congregations use in the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Town
What type of government did the Puritans use in New England town meetings? Direct democracy
What ancient model did New England town meetings follow? The city-state of Athens in ancient Greece
What were the two reasons why the Puritans settled in New England? 1) Religious freedom 2) Economic opportunity
What European groups settled the Middle colonies? 1) German 2) English 3) Dutch
What English noblemen received large land grants in Virginia? Cavaliers
Where in Virginia did many poor Englishmen settle? Shenandoah Valley
What were indentured servants? Colonists who agreed to work for a master in exchange for payment of their passage to America
What was the first permanent English settlement in North America? Jamestown
What was the first elected assembly (lawmaking body) in the New World? House of Burgesses
What became the name of the House of Burgesses after independence? Virginia General Assembly
What regions of the New World did the Spanish explore and settle? 1) the Caribbean Sea 2) Central America 3) South America
How did colonization affect the Indians? 1) died in wars 2) pushed off their land 3) died of disease
How did French colonization differ from English colonization? 1) Fewer French colonists 2) Better relations with the Indians
What did the Atlantic slave trade do? Forced millions of Africans to come to the Americas against their will
What were the 3 regions of English settlement along the Atlantic coast? 1) New England 2) Middle colonies 3) Southern colonies
What was the economic basis of New England? 1) Subsistence farming 2) Lumbering 3) Shipbuilding 4) Fishing
What was the economic basis of the Middle colonies? 1) Small-scale commercial farming 2) Shipbuilding 3) Trade
What was the economic basis of the coastal lowlands in the Southern colonies? Plantations that grew cash crops for export to Great Britain
What were the three cash crops of the Southern colonies? 1) Tobacco 2) Rice 3) Indigo
What was the economic basis of the Appalachian foothills in the Southern colonies? 1) Subsistence farming 2) Hunting 3) Trade
What were the Middle colonies? 1) New York 2) New Jersey 3) Pennsylvania 4) Delaware
What were two important seaports and trade centers in the Middle colonies? 1) New York 2) Philadelphia
Where were most of the indentured servants from? 1) England 2) Scotland 3) Ireland
Where and when did the first Africans arrive in colonial America? Jamestown in 1619
What was the voyage of slaves from Africa to the New World called? The Middle Passage
What 2 types of labor systems did Southern plantations use? 1) Indentured servants 2) African slaves
Did the Puritans tolerate religious dissenters? No
What New England colony was founded by religious dissenters fleeing persecution by Puritans in Massachusetts? Rhode Island
Where did Quakers settle? Pennsylvania
Where did Presbyterians settle? New Jersey
Where did Jews settle? New York
Where did Huguenots settle? New York
Who formed the middle class in the Middle colonies? 1) Skilled artisans 2) Entrepreneurs 3) Small commercial farmers
What formed the basis of the social structure in the Southern colonies? 1) Family status 2) Land ownership
Who dominated the colonial government and society in the Southern colonies? Large landowners
What was the most important church in the Southern colonies? Church of England
How did colonists make a living in the mountains and valleys of the Southern colonies? 1) Subsistence farmers 2) Hunters 3) Traders
What was the background of most of the colonists in the Southern mountains and valleys? 1) Scots-Irish 2) English
What religious movement swept Europe and the American colonies during the mid-1700s? "Great Awakening"
What 2 Protestant denominations grew rapidly in the American colonies during the "Great Awakening"? 1) Methodists 2) Baptists
Created by: wzuger