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What political party dominated American politics in the early 1800s? Democratic-Republican Party
What factors caused the U.S. to expand its territory to the Pacific Ocean before the Civil War? 1) Economic and strategic (military defense) interests 2) "Manifest Destiny"
What territory did the United States purchase during Jefferson's presidency? Louisiana
From what country did the United States purchase during Jefferson's presidency? France
Who did President Jefferson send to explore the Louisiana Territory? 1) Meriwether Lewis 2) William Clark
How did the Louisiana Territory affect the size of the U.S.? Doubled it
Who served as guide for the Lewis and Clark expedition? Sacajawea
What 2 countries fought in the War of 1812? 1) U.S. 2) Great Britain
Who was president during the War of 1812? James Madison
Why did France and Great Britain interfere with American trade during the Napoleonic War? Neither country wanted its enemy to trade with the U.S. during the war
Define impressment. The practice of drafting sailors by force
Why did the British navy stop and board American ships and impress American sailors? British navy needed sailors to fight against the French
Why did Western congressmen want war with Great Britain? 1) British interference with American shipping 2) Western Expansion
Who were the War Hawks? Western congressmen who wanted war with Great Britain
What 2 countries fought the War of 1812? 1) U.S. 2) Great Britain
What region was against the War of 1812? New England
What political part was against the War of 1812? Federalists
How did the Federalists respond to President Madison's decision to declare war on Great Britain? 1) Opposed the war 2) Talked about secession 3) Proposed constitutional amendments that were not acted upon
What was the result of Federalist criticism of the War of 1812? 1) Federalist Party collapsed 2) Federalists stopped being an effective political party on the national level
What were 2 results of the American belief that the U.S. won the War of 1812? 1) U.S. claimed the Oregon territory 2) More American settlers moved to Florida
From what country did the U.S. acquire Florida? Spain
What 2 countries signed the Adams-Onis Treaty 1) U.S. 2) Spain
What territory did the Adams-Onis Treaty give the U.S.? Florida
What issue did the Monroe Doctrine involve? Foreign policy
What set forth the basic principles of American foreign policy from 1823 until the end of the 19th century? the Monroe Doctrine
What was the most important point of the Monroe Doctrine? European countries should stay out of the affairs of the Western Hemisphere
What were the 3 points of the Monroe Doctrine? 1) No more European colonies in the Americas 2) If European countries threatened any country in the Americas, then they threatened the U.S. 3) U.S. would stay our of European affairs
What precedent did the Monroe Doctrine set for American presidents? Presidents would consider it a threat to the U.S., if European countries meddled with countries in the Western Hemisphere
According to the Monroe Doctrine, what would the U.S. use to protect its interests in the Western Hemisphere? Military force
What were 2 trends in American life during the first half of the 19th century? 1) Westward movement 2) Economic development
Why did Americans move west during the first half of the 19th century? 1) Economic opportunity 2) Wanted land; both to own and farm
What 2 transportation improvements encourage westward movement and economic development? 1) Canals 2) Railroads
Who invented the cotton gin? Eli Whitney
What resulted from American immigration into Texas? Armed revolt against Mexican rule
What happened at the Battle of the Alamo? Mexican army killed all the American men defending the Alamo
What later happened when the Texans defeated the Mexican army? Texas gained its independence from Mexico
What action did the U.S. eventually take in regard to Texas? 1) Annexed Texas 2) Added Texas to U.S.
What idea provided political support for territorial expansion? Manifest Destiny
What was Manifest Destiny? The belief that it was God's will for the U.S. to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
What 2 countries fought in the Mexican War? 1) U.S. 2) Mexico
Who won the Mexican War? U.S.
What was the Mexican Cession The land Mexico gave up to the U.S. at the end of the Mexican War
What present-day states were part of the Mexican Cession? 1) California 2) Nevada 3) Utah 4) Arizona 5) Part of Colorado 6) Part of New Mexico
Created by: wzuger