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American Indians

Virginia Standards of Learning for US History to 1865 covering SOLs 3a-3c

Archaeology the scientific study of past cultures and the way people lived that is based on material evidence or things they left behind
Artifacts objects that have been made, used, or changed by humans
Archaeologist studies human behavior by taking clues left behind by the people of the past
Cactus Hill humans may have lived in this location in southeastern Virginia along the Nottoway River as early as 18,000 years ago; one of the oldest archaeological sites in North America
Natural Resources come directly from nature; examples include rivers and animals
Human Resources people working to produce goods and services; examples include people fishing, hunting animals, and making clothes from materials found in their environment
Capital Resources goods produced and used to make other goods and services; examples include canoes, bows, and spears
Inuit inhabited present day Alaska and northern Canada; lived in the Arctic where the temperature is freezing much of the year
Kwakiutl inhabited the Pacific Northwest coast where the climate is rainy and mild; clothing made from the bark of cedar trees; lived in plank houses made from cedar trees
Lakota inhabited the interior of the United States in an area called the Great Plains; their environment consisted of dry grasslands where they hunted the buffalo (bison) for survival; dwellings made from the hides of the buffalo
Pueblo inhabited the the Southwest in present-day New Mexico and Arizona; their environment was desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains; dwellings were made from dirt and clay found in their environment
Iroquois inhabited northeast North America in the Eastern Woodlands which was heavily forested; dwellings known as longhouses were made from material found in their environment
Bering Strait It is believed that the humans entered North America from Asia by crossing this narrow body of water when ice covered its surface about 12,000 years ago
Stationary to stay in one place; examples include the Kwakiutl, Pueblo, and sometimes the Iroquois--they usually built their homes and stayed put
Nomadic groups of people tending to travel and change settlements frequently; examples include the Inuit, Lakota and sometimes the Iroquois
Created by: ekdixon