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8th Social Studies


Executive Branch Branch of government that executes, or carries out, the law; headed by the President
Republic a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
Ordinance a law or regulation
Bicameral having two separate lawmaking chambers
Legislative Branch Lawmaking branch of government
Compromise a settlement of a dispute by each side giving up some demands
Proportional having the proper size in relation to other objects or items
Federalism sharing power between the federal and state governments
Reserved Power Power belonging only to the states
Judicial Branch The branch of government that includes the courts that settle disputes and questions of the law
Amendment A change, correction, or improvement added to a document
Enumerated Power Power specifically given Congress in the Constitution
Electoral College Special group of electors chosen to vote for president and vice president
Concurrent Power Power shared by the states and federal government
Popular Sovereignty The belief that government is subject to the will of the people
Checks and Balances A system by which each branch of government limits power of other branches
Limited Government Idea that a government may only use the powers given to it by the people
Constitution A list of fundamental laws to support a government
Judicial Review Power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution
Implied Powers Power not enumerated in the Constitution but suggested in its language
Preamble The introductory statement of the U.S. Constitution, setting forth the general principles of American government and beginning with the words, “We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union. …”.
Separation of Powers A principle by which powers are divided among different branches of government to make sure no one branch has too much power
Created by: espoon



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