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A2 Attribution

A2 AQA attribution theory

Attributions the perceived reasons for the success or failure of an event or pattern of behaviour
Attribution theory this theory suggests that the perceived reasons given by a performer or coach after an event to explain the outcome can affect future levels of motivation
Learned Helplessness feelings experienced by an individual when he or she believes that failure is inevitable because of negative past experiences. Can be specific and global
Self-serving bias correct use of attributions protects self esteem success to internal – stable factors success to internal – unstable factors failure to internal – unstable factors failure to external – stable factors failure to external – unstable factors
Attribution retraining the process by which a performer is taught to attribute failure to changeable, unstable factors rather than internal, stable factors, i.e. lack of ability – changing the reasons given for failure
Locus causality the cause of the final outcome is pinpointed as being due to internal (ability and effort)or external (Task difficluty & Luck)factors, i.e. those within or beyond the performer’s control
Locus of control identifies attributing factors based on the level of control the performer is able to exert on the final outcome
Stability dimensions identifies attributing factors which may have influenced the final result, and which may or may not change in nature over a short period of time. (Stable- ability and task difficulty- unstable effort and luck)
Created by: Tina Dean