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Colonial Regions

New England, Mid-Atlantic and Southern colonies (environment, economy, social)

TermDefinition
New England resources Natural: timber, fish, deep harbors Human: skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, shipbuilders Capital: tools, buildings
Mid-Atlantic resources Natural: rich farmlands, rivers Human: unskilled and skilled workers, fishermen Capital: tools, buildings
Southern resources Natural: fertile farmlands, rivers, harbors Human: farmers, enslaved African Americans Capital: tools, buildings
New England geography Appalachian Mountains, Boston harbor, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline
Mid-Atlantic geography Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays, wide and deep rivers
Southern geography Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors and rivers
New England specialization fishing, shipbuilding, naval supplies, metal tools and equipment
Mid-Atlantic specialization livestock, grains, fish
Southern specialization raw materials such as tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo, forest products (lumber, tar, pitch)
New England social life villages and churches were center of life, religious reformers and separatists
Mid-Atlantic social life villages and cities, varied and diverse lifestyles, diverse religions
Southern social life plantations(slavery),mansions, small farms, indentured servants, fewer cities, fewer schools, Church of England
New England political/civic life town meetings
Mid-Atlantic political/civic life market towns
Southern political/civic life counties/county seat
specialization focusing on one or a few products - specialization caused the colonies to be interdependent
interdependence two or more people or regions depending on each other for goods and services
large landowners sometimes highly educated and living predominately in the South, they relied on indentured servants and/or enslaved African Americans for labor while they often enjoyed a rich social culture
farmers working the land according to the region, they relied on their family members for labor
artisans living in small villages and cities, they worked as craftsmen in towns and on plantations
women not allowed to vote, they worked as caretakers, house-workers and homemakers and had few opportunities for getting an education
free African Americans discriminated against in many ways, including not being allowed to vote, they were able to own land and had economic freedom so they could work for pay and decide how to use their money
indentured servants men and women unable to pay for passage to the colonies who agreed to work without pay for a person who paid for their passage - were free at the end of their contract
enslaved African Americans captured in Africa, sold to slave traders, then shipped to the colonies where they were sold into slavery and where their children were born into slavery - were owned as property for life without any rights
New England climate moderate summers, cold winters
Mid-Atlantic climate mild winters and moderate climate
Southern climate humid with mild winters and hot summers
Created by: rwimer