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European Explorers

European exploration of North America and West Africa

QuestionAnswer
Why did European countries compete for power in North America? motivations included economic (gold, natural resources, and trade), religious (spread of Christianity), and competition for empire and belief in superiority of own culture
What obstacles were faced by early European explorers? poor maps and navigational tools, disease and starvation, fear of the unknown, lack of adequate supplies
What were some accomplishments of European explorers in North America? exchange of goods and ideas, improved navigational tools and ships, claimed territories
What regions of North America were explored and settled by Spain? Francisco Coronado claimed the Southwest of the present-day United States.
What regions of North America were explored and settled by France? Samuel de Champlain established the French settlement of Quebec. Robert La Salle claimed the Mississippi River Valley.
What regions of North America were explored and settled by England? John Cabot explored eastern Canada.
What regions were explored by Portugal? Their explorers made voyages of discovery along the coast of West Africa.
How did Spanish explorers interact with American Indians? conquered and enslaved American Indians, brought Christianity to the New World, brought European diseases to American Indians
How did French explorers interact with American Indians? established trading posts, spread Christian religion
How did English explorers interact with American Indians? established settlements and claimed ownership of land, learned farming techniques from American Indians, traded with American Indians
How did American Indians interact with European explorers? taught farming techniques to European settlers, believed land was to be used and shared but not owned
What are some areas of cooperation between American Indians and Europeans in their economic interactions? trade, crops, Europeans brought weapons and metal farm tools
What are some areas of conflict between American Indians and Europeans? land, competition for trade, differences in cultures, diseases, language differences
When did the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai exist in Africa? Ghana, Mali, and Songhai dominated West Africa one after another from A.D. 300 to A.D. 1600.
Where were the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai located? Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were located in the western region of Africa, south of the Sahara Desert, near the Niger River
What was the importance of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai? Ghana, Mali, and Songhai became powerful by controlling trade in West Africa.
How did West African empires impact European trade? The Portuguese carried goods from Europe to West African empires, trading metals, cloth, and other manufactured goods for gold
Created by: rwimer