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Documents to Review

2015 History 1 Final

DocumentAnalysis and Significance
13th Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, it was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865.
14th Amendments ratified in 1868, defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons
15th Amendment prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship; a formal declaration of the legal and civil rights of the citizens of any state, country, federation, etc
Black Codes popular name given to the statutes passed by Southern slave states, before and immediately after the American Civil War to the Constitution, and were thus intended to assure continuance of white supremacy
Constitution of the United States A document that embodies the fundamental laws and principles by which the United States is governed, it was drafted by the Constitutional Convention and later supplemented by the Bill of Rights and other amendments
Declaration of Independence formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain
Emancipation Proclamation an executive order issued on January 1, 1863, by President Lincoln freeing slaves in all portions of the United States not then under Union control (that is, within the Confederacy
Gettysburg Address a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history, dedication of a cemetery in PA to war veterans
Monroe Doctrine a principle of US policy in 1823 that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US
Lincoln's First Inaugural primarily addressed to the people of the South, and was intended to succinctly state Lincoln's intended policies and desires toward that section, where seven states had seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America
Lincoln's Second Inaugural promised a vast national future only a month before the end of the American Civil War, at a time when victory over the secessionists in the American Civil War was within days and slavery was near an end, Lincoln did not speak of happiness, but of sadness
Created by: jchase1117