Normal Size Small Size show me how
SS Final Exam Review (Chapters 8-16)
|What were George Washington's precedents?
|1) 2 terms 2) cabinet 3) no violent protest 4) neutrality
|Define domestic policies
|Events inside a nation
|What is a Cabinet?
|It is the official advisors to the President including the Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury
|What was the Judiciary Act?
|It established 6 members of the Supreme Court
|What is a tariff?
|A tax on foreign goods
|What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
|1) a farmer's revolt 2) Washington said no to it 3) NO VIOLENT PROTESTS
|What was The Neutrality Proclamation?
|The US would not get involved in war between England and France
|What were The Alien and Sedition Acts?
|1) It was illegal to criticize the government 2) It violated the 1st Amendment
|What were the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions?
|1) States could declare laws passed by the National (Federal) government unconstitutional 2) They could nullify the law
|Explain Marbury vs Madison- Judicial Review.
|The Supreme Court can declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional.
|What was the Louisiana Purchase?
|1) France wants an empire 2) Jefferson purchased the land for 15 million dollars
|What was Laissez-Faire?
|The government does not get involved in the economy
|What is impressment?
|The British were capturing and forcing Americans to work in the Navy
|Explain the Embargo Act.
|The US would not trade with any nation
|Explain the Non Intercourse Act
|The US would not trade with England or France
|What were the causes of the War of 1812?
|Britain was impressing sailors and arming Native Americans with weapons
|What were the results of the War of 1812?
|The war was a tie, but the US gained confidence
|A switch from human/animal power to machine power (factories)
|The growth of cities
|Who was Samuel Slater?
|He brought factory plans from England to the US
|Explain labor changes
|The factories hired women and children because it was cheap labor
|Explain unskilled versus skilled workers
|Unskilled- they worked for less and they were easy to replace Skilled- they made more $$$
|What was suffrage?
|The right to vote
|What was the Spoils System?
|The president gives government jobs to supporters
|What was the Indian Removal Act??
|15,000 Cherokee were forced off of their lands and settled west of the Mississippi
|What was the Erie Canal?
|Goods increase-Prices decrease It connected Lake Erie to NYC
|Explain the Adams-Onis Treaty.
|The US bought Florida from Spain for $5 million dollars
|Explain the Monroe Doctrine.
|-European nations could not interfere in Latin America (no new colonies) -The US would stay out of European Affairs
|Explain Texas Annexation
|a) Texas broke away from Mexico in 1836 and was an independent nation b) In 1845, Texas was annexed (added on) to the US
|What did Dorothea Dix do?
|She improved the conditions for the mentally ill and prisons
|What is temperance?
|To end alcohol abuse
|Who are Nativists?
|Native born Americans against immigrants coming into the country -1840's, The Irish and Germans
|Explain Women's Rights
|At the Seneca Falls Convention The Declaration of sentiments (all men and women were created equally)
|The belief in section/state over nation
|What was the Fugitive Slave Law?
|All citizens had to return runaway slaves
|What was the Dred Scott Case?
|The Supreme Court decided that slaves were property
|What was Uncle Tom's Cabin?
|It was a book, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, that showed the evils of slavery
|People working to end slavery
|Explain the Kansas-Nebraska Act (popular sovereignty)
|Popular Sovereignty...In 854, territories would vote on the slavery issue
|Explain the results of Lincoln's Election
|Lincoln won because of the support of the North
|-The south secedes because of the election -It creates the Confederate States of America
|What was the significance of Fort Sumter?
|It was the start of the Civil War
|Who were the presidential leaders during the Civil War? (North and South)
|North: Lincoln South: Jefferson-Davis
|Who were the important generals of the Civil War? (North and South)
|North: Grant and Sherman South: Robert E. Lee
|What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
|January 1, 1863- slaves were freed in all areas (south) that had seceded
|What was Bull Run?
|The 1st Battle of the war
|What happened in Vicksburg?
|The North gained control of the Mississippi
|What happened at Gettysburg?
|-It was the turning point of the war -The north won
|What happened in April 1865?
|At the Appomattox Court House in Virginia... South-Lee surrendered to Grant North- Grant - THE NORTH WINS!!!